A Tariff Rate Quota (also called a "TRQ") is an import
mechanism whereby the importing country establishes a quantitative
restriction as a set volume of a specified product (e.g., cheese)
that may be imported at a low or zero rate of duty.
In Canada, the Customs Tariff sets out a low or zero rate of
duty as the "within access commitment" and usually a
really high rate of duty as the "over access commitment".
Usually, Global Affairs Canada allocates an annual volume to
importers who have applied for allocation (renewable on an annual
basis). Each importation of the goods requires a specific import
permit to be requested and received from Global Affairs Canada
prior to importation if the importer wants to pay the "within
access commitment" rate of duty.
Who Can Comment?
The Government of Canada would like to hear from all sectors of
Canadian society and international stakeholders interested in
Tariff Rate Quotas and Origin Quota, including from:
Small and medium-sized enterprises
Other stakeholders, including
industry associations and the public.
So, just about anyone with an interest in cheese imports from
the European Union can participate in the comment process.
What Questions Has The Government Asked?
The Government of Canada has asked for comments relating to the
1. What is your preferred allocation methodology for the new
cheese Tariff Rate Quota (TRQ)? Why?
2. Should there be a cap on the amount of quota that any one
allocation holder (and related parties) may receive?
3. What criteria should be used to determine applicants'
eligibility for an allocation?
4. What sort of activity requirements should be used to
determine whether, and the extent to which, applicants are active
in the cheese sector?
5. Should new entrants have access to a larger portion of the
new TRQ than the minimum required under CETA? Please elaborate.
1. Under CETA, during the TRQ phase-in period (Year 1 to Year 5)
at least 30 percent of the TRQ will be made available to new
entrants, while from Year 6 onward this level drop to at least 10
percent of the TRQ.
6. Should the eligibility criteria and activity requirements for
new entrants differ from other applicants? Why or why not? If so,
what should they be?
7. Are there other considerations that should be taken into
account in allocating the new TRQ? If so, what are they and
8. Are there any Canadian regional considerations that should be
taken into account in allocating the new TRQ? If so, what are
9. Are there Canadian consumer/market demographics that should
be taken into account in allocating the new TRQ? If so, what are
While that agreement mandated export measures on Canadian softwood lumber exports destined for the United States, it also protected those lumber exports from the potential imposition of onerous import measures by the U.S.
On September 29, 2016, the Supreme Court of Canada issued its first tariff classification decision since Canada signed the International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System in 1998.
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