Acquired Brain Injuries (or ABIs) can be a difficult personal
injury to treat, in large part because of the need for long-term
clinical care, both as an in- and out-patient. However, in both the
Greater Toronto Area and Ontario as a whole, there are a number of
treatment centres that specialize in treating brain injuries. The
following list does not include all ABI clinics and treatment
centres across Toronto and Ontario, but it does highlight some of
the better known.
Within the Greater Toronto Area:
St. Michael's Head Injury Clinic: Founded
in 1987 and located at the University of Toronto-affiliated St.
Michael's Hospital, this clinic specializes in the treatment
(and research) of traumatic brain injuries, both in acute care and
recovery management right up to reintegration into the community.
Intake is via referrals from emergency rooms, trauma clinics,
family doctors, and the Toronto Acquired Brain Injury Network.
Toronto Western Hospital Acquired Brain Injury
Clinic: This clinic takes an integrated approach, working in
tandem with the patient's support and caregiver team to provide
clinical management for up to 6 months, including support and
psychiatric care for the family. It also provides ongoing care for
patients living in brain injury group homes.
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre Traumatic Brain
Injury Clinic: Although it specializes in treating mild to
moderately severe brain injuries, it has also conducted
groundbreaking research on the impact of brain injuries when it
comes to mood disorders and cognition. It also houses one of the
largest clinical brain injury databases in Canada.
St. John's Rehab Hospital, Sunnybrook Health
Sciences Centre: One of Toronto's largest rehabilitation
clinics, the St. John's Rehab Hospital handles mild to moderate
brain injuries. It also uses a team-based approach to tailor each
patient's rehabilitation program to their needs, eventually
providing referrals to local community services or the St.
John's Outpatient service.
Mackenzie Health, Centre for Behaviour Health
Sciences for Adults: Located in Richmond Hill, just north of
Toronto, Mackenzie Health provides care for patients with brain
injuries in York and Simcoe Regions, helping them live and adjust
to the effects of their injuries through both individual and group
support. Patients can be referred through their doctors, but can
also self-refer by calling the Centre.
Neurologic Rehabilitation Institute of Ontario:
Although it is not a hospital, this Etobicoke-based clinic is an
accredited private rehabilitation facility that specializes in
helping patients with moderate to severe brain injuries increase
their level of independence. As it is a private facility, access to
services are limited to those who can pay out-of-pocket or who are
receiving assistance from WSIB, insurance fund compensation, and
extended health care plans.
Outside of the Greater Toronto Area:
Joseph's Health Care, London: Serving the London and
Middlesex area, this is a comprehensive program for those who have
suffered from brain injuries and require rehabilitation. The
in-patient program is complemented by an extended out-patient
program, community outreach, and even an assessment program to
determine whether a patient can safely drive.
The Ottawa Hospital: Serving areas such as
Renfrew, Lanark, and Ottawa-Carleton, this rehabilitation centre
focuses on providing complete care for brain injury patients, from
the initial acute care to community re-integration. Referrals are
accepted from doctors, family members, insurance providers, and
community services – the Ottawa Hospital also accepts
Hamilton Health Sciences: Based out of the
Regional Rehabilitation Centre in Hamilton, Ontario, the Acquired
Brain Injury Program provides both in- and out-patient services to
help their patients regain their independence through tailored
rehabilitation programs. All patients referred to the program
require some third-party funding, such as WSIB, community funding,
or insurance coverage.
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