As of March 15, 2016 most visa-exempt foreign nationals,
including tourists, business people, foreign workers and students,
travelling to or transiting through Canada by air must have an
Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) electronically linked to
their passport in order to board a plane.
Exemptions from the eTA Requirement
There are certain foreign nationals that are exempt from the eTA
requirement. The most significant exemption being for U.S.
citizens. Note that this exemption does not extend to U.S.
green card holders.
Also, citizens of countries that require Temporary Resident
Visas to enter Canada are exempt from the eTA requirement.
Further, visa-exempt foreign nationals that are travelling to
Canada by land or sea are not required to obtain an eTA.
There are other exemptions as well which I have not mentioned in
Automatic Issuance of eTA
Immigration, Refugee and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) (formerly
called Citizenship and Immigration Canada) has indicated that visa
exempt foreign nationals who received a work permit or study permit
after July 31, 2015 will have automatically been issued an
eTA. Therefore, these individuals would not be required to
apply for an eTA.
Applying for an eTA
The eTA application process is an online process. In order
to apply for an eTA a foreign national must have:
a valid passport;
a credit card; and
a valid email address.
Note that separate applications must be submitted for each
person travelling to Canada.
Information Required for eTA Application
A foreign national must include the following information on the
eTA application form:
occupation and previous travel
answer questions to assess health, criminality and other
eTA Processing Fee
The processing fee for an eTA is $7 CAD and is paid at the time
of online submission.
Processing of eTA Application
When an eTA application is approved, IRCC will send an email to
the applicant confirming approval. Upon approval the eTA will
be electronically linked to the applicant's passport.
IRCC will not issue any further official documentation to evidence
Generally, the eTA processing time is very quick with most eTA
applications being approved within minutes of applying. If an
application is taking longer, IRCC will send an email within 72
hours telling an applicant what the next steps are which may
include requests for additional information or documents.
Validity Period of eTA
An eTA is valid for five years or until the applicant's
passport expires, whichever first occurs. The passport that
the eTA is linked to must be used for all travel during the
validity period. If a new passport is obtained then a new eTA
Enforcement of eTA Requirement
Airlines will be required to confirm on the CBSA's
Interactive Advance Passenger Information (IAPI) system that the
person has an eTA linked to his/her passport before authorizing
entry onto the flight. If a person is required to have an eTA
and does not, the airline will deny the person entry onto the
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September 21st, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 20th round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 43rd overall, inviting 1288 applicants for permanent residence with a lowest CRS score of 483.
Canada received more than 320,000 immigrants in the last 12 months, approaching levels not seen since the early 20th century. The per capital immigration rate at .88%, is consistent with previous Liberal government policies.
October 12th, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 21st round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 44th overall, inviting 1518 applicants for permanent residence with a lowest CRS score of 484.
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