Ontario's energy intensive industries have finally been
permitted to burn many kinds of waste, in place of coal. Cement
companies, among others, are now looking for sufficient quantities
of eligible biomass they can dry and burn to fuel their kilns. With
cap and trade on the way, this is an important and overdue step to
allow Ontario's Large Final Emitters to reduce their carbon
O. Reg. 79/15: Alternative Low-Carbon
Fuels, allows facilities that otherwise burn coal or coke to
apply for permission to burn alternative fuels with a lower
carbon dioxide emission intensity. The alternative fuels must be
i. not derived from or composed of any material set out in
Schedule 1 (25 types of items, which are either recyclable or
hazardous, such as tires, are excluded),
ii. wholly derived from or composed of materials that are
biomass or municipal waste or a combination of both, and
iii. unless the fuel is wholly derived from or composed of
materials that are solid biomass, has a high heat value of at least
10,000 megajoules per tonne. OR
2. wholly derived from or composed of organic matter, not
including peat or peat derivatives, derived from a plant or
micro-organism and grown or harvested for the purpose of being used
as a fuel.
A facility that opts into the new "burn waste not
coal" regulatory regime will be not be classified as a
waste disposal facility requiring an Environmental Compliance
Approval under section 27 of the Environmental
Protection Act. It will have to keep detailed records, much
like those already required for facilities burning
These facilities will still need air permits under s. 9 of the
Environmental Protection Act, to control their air emissions.
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