This past weekend Canada's Minister of Immigration Chris
Alexander formally changed what was previously known as the
Live-In Caregiver Program to the new Caregiver Program. Speculation
had been circulating for years that the program might be
drastically changed including eliminating the Permanent Resident
component. Fortunately the residency component has been maintained
and the program has been modified to eliminate the need for
caregivers to reside with their employers and to allow for speedier
processing of permanent resident applications.
As of November 30th, Minister Alexander introduced new
ministerial instructions that creates the Caregiver Program.
Caregivers provide care for children, elderly persons or persons
with disabilities in their private homes. There are now two streams
in the Caregiver Program: the Caring for
Children pathway and the Caring for
People with High Medical Needs pathway. The
program recognizes that there is, and will continue to be for
sometime, a shortage of Canadians or permanent residents who are
able to provide childcare or home support for seniors or people
with disabilities. The most significant change to the program
is that caregivers no longer are required to reside with their
employer. Caregivers may still choose to do so; however this
must be stipulated in the employment contract and employers are no
longer able to deduct a room and board expense from their
To be eligible for either pathway you must have the
A positive Labour Market Impact
Assessment (LMIA) from an employer in Canada.
A written contract with your future
employer, signed by you and your employer. (This may still provide
for a caregiver to reside with their employer but only if this is
agreed to by the prospective caregiver - living in the
employer's home is no longer mandatory.)
Successful completion of the
equivalent of at least one year Canadian post-secondary school
education that is confirmed by an Educational Credential
At least six months approved training
or one year of full-time paid work experience as a caregiver or in
a related field or occupation (including six months with one
employer) in the past three years.
Knowledge of English or French at the
"initial intermediate" level by meeting the Canadian
Language Benchmark (CLB) 5 in a designated third party language
test. For registered nurses or registered psychiatric nurses
you must demonstrate language proficiency at the
"intermediate" level of CLB 7 with a designated third
party language test.
A work permit before you enter
In addition there will be speedier processing of permanent
resident applications one you have satisfied the two year Canadian
employment requirements. Over the years, a considerable
backlog of caregiver applications had built up with permanent
resident applications often taking several years to be
finalized. This created hardship on families who were
separated for many years while caregivers completed their work
experience in Canada and then submitted and waited for their
applications for themselves and their dependants to be
processed. The government is committing to process
applications for caregivers and their dependent family members
within 6 months. In addition, they have increased processing
levels by almost doubling the number of permanent resident
admissions for 2014 to 17,500 and increasing that figure to 30,000
caregiver admissions for 2015. The government is committed to
eliminating the current backlog of caregiver permanent
resident applicants and to staying on track for speedy six month
processing standards of caregiver permanent resident applications
in the future.
The newly invigorated Caregiver Program bodes well for both
Canadians and caregivers alike. There are now two different
streams for caregivers to come to Canada in a broader range of
health service that will ultimately benefit Canadians requiring
childcare or home support. The program no longer requires
caregivers to live in with their employers but is permissive for
those employees who wish to while eliminating the room and board
wage deductions. Permanent resident applications will be
processed within six months enabling caregivers to be reunited with
their family members sooner. Finally, the backlog of
caregiver applicants will be eliminated over the next year enabling
caregivers to formally call Canada home and to enhance and
contribute to the Canadian labour market
October 12th, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 21st round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 44th overall, inviting 1518 applicants for permanent residence with a lowest CRS score of 484.
October 19th, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 22nd round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 45th overall, inviting 1804 applicants for permanent residence, the largest number ever. The lowest CRS score was 475, a decline from the previous draw.
September 21st, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 20th round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 43rd overall, inviting 1288 applicants for permanent residence with a lowest CRS score of 483.
A unique feature of the new Canada express entry immigration system is that candidates can improve their comprehensive ranking score while in the express entry pool, without submitting a new application. We review important strategies.
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