Having recently celebrated Citizenship week (Oct. 13-19), it is
worth addressing a rather frequent topic of discussion concerning
Canadian citizenship - the much maligned "anchor baby".
The concept of the anchor baby is that non-Canadian citizens will
come to Canada to give birth on Canadian soil for the purpose of
obtaining Canadian citizenship for their newly born children with a
view to obtaining permanent residency, and ultimately citizenship,
in the future for themselves. In essence the child becomes the
anchor upon which the parents will ultimately obtain their own
Canadian status. The concept of the anchor baby has garnered much
attention in recent years - so much so that consideration is being
given to eliminating the right of citizenship based upon birth in
Canada. A close examination of the anchor baby theory does not
warrant such a dramatic change in Canada's citizenship
In order to fully appreciate the anchor baby theory, it is
necessary to understand the process for obtaining permanent
residence for the ultimate beneficiaries of status - the parents.
Exactly how can parents become permanent residents by virtue of
their children? Canada has a parental sponsorship program. In order
for a person to sponsor their parents they must be at least 18
years of age. Furthermore, they must meet a financial sponsorship
threshold for themselves, their parents, and their Canadian family.
For the purposes of this examination, our sponsor will be single,
so we will have a family of three for which the Low Income Cutoff
(LICO) figure is $34,646. Recent modifications to the program
requires that for parental sponsorship, a sponsor must demonstrate
income for the three years preceding the application which are 30%
higher than the standard LICO figures, which totals $45,039. In
order to demonstrate a sponsor's income, only official Canada
Revenue Agency (CRA) documents (such as a Notice of Assessment) are
acceptable documentary proof. The current program opens up at the
beginning of the calendar year when current CRA documents for the
past calendar year are not yet available for several months which
means that a person must have proof of income going back for an
actual period of four years. Assuming that our hardworking young
sponsor was able to garner a relatively high paying job directly
upon graduation from high school, the earliest that a person would
be able to sponsor their parents is at the age of 22.
Realistically, it is more likely that a very motivated young anchor
baby would be in their late twenties or early thirties before they
would have financially established themselves sufficiently to be
able to sponsor their parents for permanent residence. Given the
time frame of 25 - 30 years that is necessary for this theory to
become reality, it simply isn't a plausible basis for obtaining
status in Canada. Nor is it likely that hordes of foreigners will
be coming to give birth in Canada with a view to obtaining
permanent residence thirty years down the road. The expression
"anchor baby" sounds great in a media sound byte but
doesn't hold up to scrutiny upon detailed examination of what
is actually entailed in what the term represents.
Canadian citizenship is indeed a precious commodity worthy of
celebration each year. The entitlement to Canadian citizenship by
birth is a longstanding one and shouldn't be eliminated on the
basis of such an absurd theory as that of the "anchor
October 12th, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 21st round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 44th overall, inviting 1518 applicants for permanent residence with a lowest CRS score of 484.
October 19th, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 22nd round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 45th overall, inviting 1804 applicants for permanent residence, the largest number ever. The lowest CRS score was 475, a decline from the previous draw.
September 21st, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 20th round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 43rd overall, inviting 1288 applicants for permanent residence with a lowest CRS score of 483.
A unique feature of the new Canada express entry immigration system is that candidates can improve their comprehensive ranking score while in the express entry pool, without submitting a new application. We review important strategies.
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