Canada: Face The FATCA: US Citizen Living Abroad? The IRS Wants You To File

Last Updated: November 5 2014
Article by Frank Casciaro

Since the global economic crash of 2008, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the U.S. has been trying to find other ways to generate income and much needed revenue. One avenue they are pursuing aggressively involves trying to stem tax evasion by U.S. citizens who are purposely hiding their funds in offshore accounts.

According to data received by the Washington-based International Consortium of Investigative Journalists and released through newspapers around the globe, some 120,000 companies and trusts are hiding money in offshore accounts. The leak made headlines around the world this April and it reaffirmed to the IRS that it's on the right track. In fact, the names of 4,000 Americans were on the list.

The IRS realized there are a lot of U.S. citizens living outside the country who are not reporting all their income and assets — and this goes beyond uber high net worth individuals and families. A little background: the U.S. Internal Revenue Code requires all U.S. citizens (including Green Card holders) to file a U.S. income tax return to report their worldwide income regardless where they live. They are also required to file foreign asset disclosure forms to report their worldwide assets including bank accounts, shares in foreign corporation and interests in foreign trusts.

In order to make sure they do, the U.S. government passed the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA), which requires U.S. citizens living abroad to file Form 8938 Statement of Specified Foreign Financial Assets along with their income tax return (which came into effect in 2011). Form 8938 is a sister form to the Report of Foreign Bank and Financial Accounts (FBAR) form, and requires that in addition to reporting all your foreign bank accounts, you also have to disclose other foreign assets. These can include all the financial bank account information you have already reported, foreign life insurance plans, stocks, securities and interest in private equity funds, for example. In effect, as a U.S. citizen living in Canada, you must now disclose any type of investment asset and interest you own that is located outside the U.S. on this form.

For single U.S. citizens living outside the U.S., the Form 8938 is required when they own specified foreign assets that had a fair market value (in aggregate) of more than US$200,000 on the last day of the tax year or more than US$300,000 at any time during the tax year.

For married U.S. citizens living outside the U.S. (who file a joint return), the Form 8938 is required when the couple own specified foreign assets that had a fair market value (in aggregate) of more than US$400,000 on the last day of the tax year or more than US$600,000 at any time during the tax year. Based on the thresholds listed above, the Form 8938 illustrates that the target group of this form is not just millionaires purposely hiding funds in offshore accounts.

If you are not complaint with Form 8938, you may face a minimum penalty of $10,000. There is also a maximum additional failure of up to $50,000 which applies if the IRS requests this form and you fail to comply. What's more, if you underpay your tax as a result of a transaction involving an undisclosed specified foreign financial asset, you may have to pay a penalty equal to 40% of that underpayment.   For criminal violations, the penalties are much steeper.

The deadline for filing is the same as your U.S. personal income tax return including extensions. 

FATCA also requires foreign financial institutions to report information regarding their U.S. citizen client directly to the IRS. Foreign financial institutions that fail to comply face a 30% US tax penalty on their own total investment earnings from all of their own U.S. holdings.  Foreign Financial institutions and foreign governments are uneasy about providing information about their clients and citizens and fear FATCA could hurt cross border trade. As a result, many, including Canada, have made their concerns known to the U.S. government. Still, as Canadian banks have subsidiaries and huge investments in the U.S. they are following through and making the required disclosures to the IRS. Some Canadian financial institutions even have new policies where they are not taking on any new clients that are U.S. citizens because they don't want to deal with the U.S. flexing its muscle in Canada—where it really has no jurisdiction.

In order to encourage compliance, particularly for the majority of U.S. citizens who may not have realized they had to disclose investment assets, the IRS announced a new amnesty program. Since September 1,2012, U.S. citizens living in Canada can file delinquent U.S. income tax returns and foreign reporting forms without being assessed penalties. To qualify for the program, you must have resided outside the U.S. since January 2009; not previously filed a U.S. tax return for the 2009 tax year or later; the tax balance on each U.S. income tax return filed under the program cannot exceed US$1,500; and you must have low compliance risk. If you qualify, you will have to file delinquent U.S. income tax returns for the past three years and delinquent FBAR forms for the past six years, as well as payment for income tax owning and related interest charges.  A completed questionnaire must be submitted with the tax returns and forms.

Face The FATCA: US Citizen Living Abroad? The IRS Wants You To File

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Frank Casciaro
Similar Articles
Relevancy Powered by MondaqAI
Collins Barrow National Incorporated
In association with
Related Topics
Similar Articles
Relevancy Powered by MondaqAI
Collins Barrow National Incorporated
Related Articles
Related Video
Up-coming Events Search
Font Size:
Mondaq on Twitter
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
Email Address
Company Name
Confirm Password
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Media & IT
 Real Estate
 Wealth Mgt
Asia Pacific
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
United States
Worldwide Updates
Registration (you must scroll down to set your data preferences)

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including your content preferences, for three primary purposes (full details of Mondaq’s use of your personal data can be found in our Privacy and Cookies Notice):

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting to show content ("Content") relevant to your interests.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, news alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use.

Mondaq hopes that our registered users will support us in maintaining our free to view business model by consenting to our use of your personal data as described below.

Mondaq has a "free to view" business model. Our services are paid for by Contributors in exchange for Mondaq providing them with access to information about who accesses their content. Once personal data is transferred to our Contributors they become a data controller of this personal data. They use it to measure the response that their articles are receiving, as a form of market research. They may also use it to provide Mondaq users with information about their products and services.

Details of each Contributor to which your personal data will be transferred is clearly stated within the Content that you access. For full details of how this Contributor will use your personal data, you should review the Contributor’s own Privacy Notice.

Please indicate your preference below:

Yes, I am happy to support Mondaq in maintaining its free to view business model by agreeing to allow Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors whose Content I access
No, I do not want Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors

Also please let us know whether you are happy to receive communications promoting products and services offered by Mondaq:

Yes, I am happy to received promotional communications from Mondaq
No, please do not send me promotional communications from Mondaq
Terms & Conditions (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd (Mondaq). Mondaq grants you a non-exclusive, revocable licence to access the Website and associated services, such as the Mondaq News Alerts (Services), subject to and in consideration of your compliance with the following terms and conditions of use (Terms). Your use of the Website and/or Services constitutes your agreement to the Terms. Mondaq may terminate your use of the Website and Services if you are in breach of these Terms or if Mondaq decides to terminate the licence granted hereunder for any reason whatsoever.

Use of

To Use you must be: eighteen (18) years old or over; legally capable of entering into binding contracts; and not in any way prohibited by the applicable law to enter into these Terms in the jurisdiction which you are currently located.

You may use the Website as an unregistered user, however, you are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the Content or to receive the Services.

You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these Terms or with the prior written consent of Mondaq. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information from the Content. Nor shall you extract information about users or Contributors in order to offer them any services or products.

In your use of the Website and/or Services you shall: comply with all applicable laws, regulations, directives and legislations which apply to your Use of the Website and/or Services in whatever country you are physically located including without limitation any and all consumer law, export control laws and regulations; provide to us true, correct and accurate information and promptly inform us in the event that any information that you have provided to us changes or becomes inaccurate; notify Mondaq immediately of any circumstances where you have reason to believe that any Intellectual Property Rights or any other rights of any third party may have been infringed; co-operate with reasonable security or other checks or requests for information made by Mondaq from time to time; and at all times be fully liable for the breach of any of these Terms by a third party using your login details to access the Website and/or Services

however, you shall not: do anything likely to impair, interfere with or damage or cause harm or distress to any persons, or the network; do anything that will infringe any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights of Mondaq or any third party; or use the Website, Services and/or Content otherwise than in accordance with these Terms; use any trade marks or service marks of Mondaq or the Contributors, or do anything which may be seen to take unfair advantage of the reputation and goodwill of Mondaq or the Contributors, or the Website, Services and/or Content.

Mondaq reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to take any action that it deems necessary and appropriate in the event it considers that there is a breach or threatened breach of the Terms.

Mondaq’s Rights and Obligations

Unless otherwise expressly set out to the contrary, nothing in these Terms shall serve to transfer from Mondaq to you, any Intellectual Property Rights owned by and/or licensed to Mondaq and all rights, title and interest in and to such Intellectual Property Rights will remain exclusively with Mondaq and/or its licensors.

Mondaq shall use its reasonable endeavours to make the Website and Services available to you at all times, but we cannot guarantee an uninterrupted and fault free service.

Mondaq reserves the right to make changes to the services and/or the Website or part thereof, from time to time, and we may add, remove, modify and/or vary any elements of features and functionalities of the Website or the services.

Mondaq also reserves the right from time to time to monitor your Use of the Website and/or services.


The Content is general information only. It is not intended to constitute legal advice or seek to be the complete and comprehensive statement of the law, nor is it intended to address your specific requirements or provide advice on which reliance should be placed. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the Content for any purpose. All Content provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers hereby exclude and disclaim all representations, warranties or guarantees with regard to the Content, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Mondaq expressly excludes all representations, warranties, obligations, and liabilities arising out of or in connection with all Content. In no event shall Mondaq and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Content or performance of Mondaq’s Services.


Mondaq may alter or amend these Terms by amending them on the Website. By continuing to Use the Services and/or the Website after such amendment, you will be deemed to have accepted any amendment to these Terms.

These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and you irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales to settle any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with these Terms. If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of any legal protection accorded in accordance with the law of the place where you are habitually resident ("Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these terms shall be governed by Local Law and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these Terms shall be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts where you are habitually resident.

You may print and keep a copy of these Terms, which form the entire agreement between you and Mondaq and supersede any other communications or advertising in respect of the Service and/or the Website.

No delay in exercising or non-exercise by you and/or Mondaq of any of its rights under or in connection with these Terms shall operate as a waiver or release of each of your or Mondaq’s right. Rather, any such waiver or release must be specifically granted in writing signed by the party granting it.

If any part of these Terms is held unenforceable, that part shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of the parties, and the Terms shall continue in full force and effect.

Mondaq shall not incur any liability to you on account of any loss or damage resulting from any delay or failure to perform all or any part of these Terms if such delay or failure is caused, in whole or in part, by events, occurrences, or causes beyond the control of Mondaq. Such events, occurrences or causes will include, without limitation, acts of God, strikes, lockouts, server and network failure, riots, acts of war, earthquakes, fire and explosions.

By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions