In a news release published in August, 2014, Citizenship and
Immigration (CIC) Minister Chris Alexander announced that Canada
had welcomed 150,000 new citizens in 2014. Since 2006 Canada
has welcomed over 1,300,000 new Canadians.
From 2006 to date, Canada has enjoyed the highest sustained
levels of immigration in its history. In a 2013 report to
Parliament, Minister Alexander announced that for the eighth
consecutive year, Canada planned to admit between 240,000 and
265,000 permanent residents in Canada in 2014. This is an
important issue to consider, given that most permanent residents in
Canada go on to apply for Canadian citizenship. Accordingly
to a 2011 Census, about 86% of permanent residents went on to
become Canadian citizens.
By far, the largest groups of new permanent residents admitted
to Canada each year are economic immigrants who qualify under
diverse immigration programs that include the Skilled Worker,
Canadian Experience Class, Skilled Trades and the Live-In Caregiver
programs. After economic immigrants, the second largest
groups of new permanent residents are family class immigrants under
Canada's policy of family reunification. These immigrants
include spouses, dependant children, parents and grandparents of
Canadian citizens or permanent residence under Canada's
sponsorship programs. Together, these two broad categories of
immigrants accounted for approximately 88% of permanent residents
admitted in 2013 (57% economic immigrants and 31% family
class). The remaining permanent residents to Canada are made
up of other categories such as refugees, and applicants approved on
humanitarian and compassionate grounds.
Many Canadians may not be aware of the actual immigration levels
in Canada, despite the consistent levels of immigration planned by
CIC year after year. However, CIC is keenly aware that these
are important issues to be considered by the Canadian public.
How many immigrants should be allowed in Canada every year? What
mix of immigration categories should be admitted? What is the best
mix for the Canadian economy? To help answer these questions, CIC
ran an online consultation between June and August in 2013 with
Canadian stakeholders to obtain public feedback on the appropriate
levels of immigration to Canada. A report on the results of
the consultation is expected to be made available by CIC by winter
of this year.
Whatever the results of the consultation, it will be worth
noting whether feedback from Canadians will actually be reflected
in CIC policy. We have already seen that CIC is not afraid to
make changes when it identifies a problem and a need for change in
the name of a faster and more responsive immigration system.
Over the past several years, CIC has introduced many reforms that
have dramatically changed the entire immigration portfolio,
including both economic and family class immigrants alike.
These include introducing application caps and language
requirements for economic programs and reducing the age of
dependency to limit the sponsorship of children to
Canada. What is certain is that we can expect more
change in the near future as the Canadian government continues to
work towards modernizing the Canadian immigration system to support
Canada's economy and its national interests.
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September 21st, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 20th round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 43rd overall, inviting 1288 applicants for permanent residence with a lowest CRS score of 483.
Canada received more than 320,000 immigrants in the last 12 months, approaching levels not seen since the early 20th century. The per capital immigration rate at .88%, is consistent with previous Liberal government policies.
October 12th, 2016 - Immigration authorities conducted the 21st round of invitations under Express Entry in 2016 and 44th overall, inviting 1518 applicants for permanent residence with a lowest CRS score of 484.
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