An Ontario Superior Court Justice has allowed the use of
Facebook as a valid method for the service of court documents. In a
paternity suit where the mother could not find the father except on
Facebook, Justice Cheryl Robertson allowed the mother to serve the
father in a message over Facebook. Justice Robertson believes that
in today's connected world, electronic service is the next
logical step for the delivery of documents which may otherwise be
Since the Rules of Civil Procedure allow for substituted service
when regular service is impractical, Justice Robertson argues that
electronic means of service provide a practical solution. E-service
is even more useful in the context of family law cases where
litigants may be trying to avoid being found in anticipation of
child support claims. In a paper she presented earlier this month,
Justice Robertson points out that e-service has several advantages
over regular service including speed and cost efficiency.
Furthermore the person who is serving the document will know
immediately if they have sent the documents to the wrong email
address or know if a user has been active in checking their
Facebook page through their recent activity log. While the use of
e-service is on the rise, the judiciary may be slow in adopting it,
as many judges may be unfamiliar with different electronic tools.
Despite this, Justice Robertson is optimistic that over time the
benefits of e-service will win over even the most skeptical
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Software license agreements generally require the customer to pay fees for the software license and related services, which fees are usually based upon the duration of the license and the manner in which the customer is allowed to use the software, together with applicable taxes and withholdings.
In less than nine months, on July 1, 2017, persons affected by a contravention of Canada's anti-spam legislation will be able to invoke a private right of action to sue for compensation and potentially substantial statutory damages.
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