Brazil: Movimento de cargas no Porto de Santos em 2018 mantém recorde e já ultrapassa 110 milhões de toneladas

Last Updated: 30 November 2018
Article by Kincaid Mendes Vianna Advogados
Most Read Contributor in Brazil, December 2018

O Porto de Santos registrou, de janeiro a outubro de 2018, mais de 110,6 milhões de toneladas de carga movimentadas, crescimento de 1,5% em relação ao mesmo período do ano passado, representando novo recorde. O destaque é a movimentação de contêineres (8,8% de aumento), chegando à marca histórica de quase 3,5 milhões TEU (medida padrão equivalente a um contêiner de 20 pés), enquanto no ano passado foram 3,17 milhões. Os dados foram compilados pela Gerência de Estatísticas da Companhia Docas do Estado de São Paulo (Codesp).

Levando em conta apenas o mês de outubro, foram registradas 10,25 milhões de toneladas, uma queda de 9,8% em relação ao mesmo mês do ano passado, quando foi registrado o recorde histórico para o mês (11,36 milhões).

O total de embarques no período foi de 78,98 milhões de toneladas, uma diminuição de 0,5% em relação a igual período do ano passado. A maior movimentação no ano é do complexo soja (grãos e farelos), com a marca de 24,98 milhões de toneladas, crescimento de 20,8% em relação a 2017 (20,68 milhões t), o que representa recorde para o produto e quase 1/4 de toda a movimentação do Porto.

O 2º produto em movimentação foi o açúcar, com a marca de 12,89 milhões de toneladas. O resultado é 27,5% menor que o de 2017 (17,79 milhões, de janeiro a outubro). Na terceira posição está o milho, com 8,37 milhões, redução de 21,2% em comparação ao ano anterior (em 2017 foram 10,63 milhões no período). Completam as cinco cargas de maior movimentação no fluxo de embarque em 2018: celulose, com 3,76 milhões de toneladas (crescimento de 56,1% em relação a 2017) e sucos cítricos, com 1,92 milhões (crescimento de 13,6% em relação ao ano anterior). Estas duas últimas também registram suas marcas recordes para a movimentação anual em Santos.

No fluxo de desembarques, houve crescimento de 6,7% em relação a 2017, marca que também é recorde no Porto de Santos. Foram 31,67 milhões de toneladas, enquanto no ano passado foram 29,68 milhões. O produto de maior movimentação foi o adubo, com 3,27 milhões (o que significa também que é a 5ª carga de maior movimentação no total). Na comparação com 2017, há crescimento de 1,2% (3,24 milhões entre janeiro e outubro). A 2ª carga mais desembarcada foi o enxofre, com 1,74 milhões (18,3% de crescimento; 1,47 milhões no ano passado). Completam as cinco cargas de maior movimentação no fluxo de desembarque: óleo diesel (1,56 milhões); trigo, que mantém números de recordes históricos no ano, com 1,13 milhão; e soda cáustica, com 815,7 mil.

Movimento mensal

O resultado de outubro ficou 1,4 milhão tonelada abaixo da expectativa inicial da Codesp, devido aos desempenhos dos embarques de açúcar e milho. Em outubro, os embarques de açúcar a granel caíram 694.226 toneladas (-36,4%) em relação ao resultado de outubro do ano passado, enquanto os embarques de milho a granel caíram 689.992 toneladas (-31,6%). Merece destaque também a queda de -140.074 toneladas nos desembarques de óleo diesel e gasóleo (-44,6%).

Em compensação, a expansão de 366.645 toneladas nos embarques de soja a granel e de 194.613 t nos embarques de celulose (+85,4%) contribuíram para impedir uma queda mais significativa do resultado mensal. A movimentação de cargas conteinerizadas também contribuiu positivamente, ao subir 1,9% (+77.791 toneladas), sendo que em TEU o crescimento foi de 3,8%, ao totalizar 365.351 TEU.

Em outubro de 2018 o Porto de Santos registrou a marca de 10,25 milhões de toneladas, ficando 9,8% abaixo do apurado em 2017 (11,36 milhões). Nos embarques, o volume ficou 14,2% menor do que no mesmo mês do ano passado. O destaque é o milho, apesar da queda no escoamento da safra. O registro no mês foi de 1,5 milhão tonelada. O 2º produto mais embarcado foi o açúcar, com 1,29 milhão t, seguido pelo complexo soja (752,4 mil), pela celulose (422,4 mil) e pelos sucos cítricos (210 mil).

Nos desembarques, houve crescimento de 1,9% em comparação a outubro de 2017. Foram 3,15 milhões de toneladas, enquanto em outubro/2017 a marca foi de 3,09 milhões. Os produtos de maior movimentação foram adubo (396,2 mil), óleo diesel (173,7 mil), enxofre (115,2 mil t), gás de cozinha (GLP, com 91,2 mil t) e soda cáustica (62,9 mil).

Navios

As atracações de navios no Porto de Santos no mês de outubro somaram 380 navios, marca 6,9% menor que em outubro/2017 (408 embarcações). No período, há uma ligeira queda de 0,4%, com 4.026 atracações neste ano e 4.043 no ano passado.

Fonte: Ascom Codesp

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