Brazil: Carlos Lobo fala da economia do Brasil na área de fusões e aquisições

Last Updated: 10 January 2018
Article by Carlos Lobo
Most Read Contributor in Brazil, November 2018

Carlos Lobo é sócio do Veirano Advogados e atua principalmente nas áreas de fusões e aquisições, private equity e mercado de capitais.

TTR - Com o fim de 2017 se aproximando, poderia nos dar uma visão geral do estado atual do mercado brasileiro de fusões e aquisições? Como avalia a performance de 2017?

C.L. - O ano de 2017 me pareceu um ano bem mais ativo que 2016. O ano passado foi impactado negativamente pela paralisia provocada pelo processo de impeachment e a crise econômica. Este ano, apesar de um ambiente político ainda bastante instável, temos um cenário macro econômico mais favorável e as perspectivas são positivas, de uma recuperação gradual. Isto tem contribuído para melhorar o humor dos investidores, principalmente os estrangeiros, animando-os para fazer investimentos de longo prazo.

Em paralelo, temos uma situação em que grandes empresas estatais e conglomerados nacionais estão em situação financeira bastante difícil, como resultado da operação Lava Jato, dos anos de recessão e do aperto no crédito. Esta situação está impulsionando um amplo processo de venda de ativos que só encontra paralelo nas privatizações da década de 90. A oferta de bons ativos a preços atrativos está contribuindo de forma significativa para impulsionar o mercado de fusões e aquisições.

TTR - O senhor possui vasta experiência na assessoria a emissores e subscritores em IPOs, follow-ons e emissão de títulos de dívidas em mercados de capitais nacional e internacional, do seu ponto de vista, qual a avaliação que pode ser feita do Mercado de Capitais brasileiro em 2017? E quais as expectativas para o próximo ano?

C.L. - Estamos observando uma recuperação do mercado de capitais este ano, com o número de ofertas superando de forma significativa os anos anteriores. Acredito que é uma consequência natural do início da recuperação econômica, ocasião em que as companhias voltam a ter necessidade de recursos para investir em crescimento e os investidores voltam a apostar no potencial de retorno do mercado e da economia brasileira.

Além disso, temos um fato novo, que a redução do papel do BNDES como financiador de grandes empresas. Com as limitações fiscais do atual governo, o mercado de dívida brasileiro volta desempenhar o seu papel de prover recursos de longo prazo para as empresas brasileiras. Vejo isto como uma tendência extremamente salutar para o dinamismo da nossa economia.

Acredito que o próximo ano pode ser impactado pelo calendário eleitoral. Os investidores estão apostando que o próximo presidente será alguém alinhado com políticas mais conservadoras do ponto de vista fiscal e que busque estimular o investimento privado. Em se confirmando essa expectativa, podemos ter um ano bastante positivo. Caso contrário, espero um cenário de muita volatilidade.

TTR - Em 2017, o senhor teve uma atuação destacada em transações no setor de energia. Quão importante é este setor hoje para a economia brasileira? É possível reconhecer alterações ou inovações nos últimos anos em relação às transações realizadas no setor? Quais são as tendências para 2018?

C.L. - O setor de energia sempre foi um setor de destaque na economia brasileira, tendo em vista sua importância estratégica para o crescimento do país. Atualmente, o setor está em evidência pela fase de transição que está passando. Estamos saindo de um modelo com forte presença estatal para um cenário em que novas empresas privadas e fundos de investimento, especialmente estrangeiros, ganham papel protagonista.

O aprimoramento do marco regulatório e a diversificação da matriz energética também contribuem para dar dinamismo a esse setor, estimulando operações de fusões e aquisições. Os recentes leilões de linhas de transmissão também trazem novos projetos para o mercado.

Para o próximo ano vejo perspectivas bastante positivas. Alguns desinvestimentos bastante relevantes devem acontecer, mudando o perfil do setor no Brasil.

TTR - Após se tornarem um dos maiores investidores estrangeiros em fusões e aquisições no País, os chineses mantêm o apetite por ativos brasileiros e estiveram entre os maiores compradores dos leilões ligados ao setor de energia do governo federal. Acredita que esse apetite se manterá em 2018?

C.L. - Acredito que sim. As empresas chinesas do setor de energia estão bem capitalizadas e tomaram a decisão estratégica de expandir para outros países. Nesse cenário, o Brasil tem se mostrado um país amigável, com marco regulatório moderno e um mercado em expansão. É natural que canalizem para cá seus investimentos.

É possível que estejamos ainda no início desse processo, já que os investimentos bem sucedidos feitos pelas líderes nacionais abrem caminho para outras empresas chinesas se interessarem pelo nosso mercado.

TTR - Acredita que em 2018 possa ocorrer uma intensificação das operações de M&A? Quais cenários ou tendências já podem ser identificados, e quais setores possuem, na sua opinião, maior potencial de crescimento?

Acredito que sim. Em se mantendo a tendência de recuperação da economia e com um cenário político mais estável, acredito que podemos esperar um ano bastante aquecido para fusões e aquisições. Devemos observar uma continuação de algumas tendências já manifestadas este ano, com empresas estatais e grandes conglomerados nacionais vendendo empresas relevantes para investidores estratégicos estrangeiros e fundos de private equity, principalmente dos EUA, Canadá, França, China e Japão. Setores que estão e devem continuar aquecidos incluem o setor de energia, infraestrutura, óleo e gás, educação, saúde, tecnologia e varejo.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

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