Uruguay: Modificaciones Al Régimen Jurídico De Compras Y Contrataciones Estatales: La Apertura Electrónica

Last Updated: 25 June 2018
Article by Galante & Martins

Con fecha 14 de mayo de 2018 se aprobó el Decreto No. 142/018, el cual deroga la normativa anterior (Decreto No. 275/013) relativa a las compras y contrataciones estatales, disponiendo entre otras modificaciones el régimen de la apertura electrónica.

1. La apertura electrónica: concepto y alcance

Definida en el artículo 1 del Decreto, la apertura electrónica permite que los procedimientos de compras y contrataciones sean gestionados a través de una plataforma electrónica, habilitando la presentación, recepción, apertura y acceso a ofertas a través de la misma. Esta modalidad podría ser empleada por todas las administraciones públicas en sus procedimientos de contratación, sin perjuicio de que es obligatoria para los procedimientos competitivos de adquisiciones en los Ministerios. Lo anterior no implica que queden sin efectos los regímenes y procedimientos de contratación especiales cuando las características del mercado o de los bienes o servicios lo hagan conveniente para la Administración.

2. Condiciones que deberá observar la apertura electrónica

La apertura electrónica funcionará dentro de la página web de Compras y Contrataciones Estatales (https://www.comprasestatales.gub.uy), debiendo observar las siguientes condiciones:

  • Estar a disposición del público y ser compatible con las tecnologías de uso general
  • Tener capacidad para recibir y almacenar todo el contenido relativo a una oferta
  • Admitir documentos en formatos abiertos y estándares
  • Garantizar niveles altos de seguridad, disponibilidad y accesibilidad
  • Determinar la fecha y hora ciertas para la recepción de ofertas
  • Determinar la identidad del oferente, debiendo éste estar registrado ante el Registro Único de Proveedores del Estado (RUPE)
  • Garantizar el desconocimiento del contenido de las ofertas e identidad del oferente hasta tanto no venza el plazo previsto para la presentación
  • Habilitar únicamente a personas autorizadas para fijar y/o modificar la fecha de apertura de las ofertas
  • Mantener confidencial el contenido de las ofertas que el oferente ingrese en tal carácter
  • Contar con un mecanismo de gestión para afrontar posibles problemas de funcionamiento del sistema, a efectos de reducir impactos negativos.

Un aspecto muy importante a tener en cuenta es que en caso de que la Administración decida emplear la apertura electrónica, ello deberá especificarlo en la invitación a cotizar o en su caso en el respectivo Pliego de Condiciones Particulares. De modificarse el uso de esta modalidad, se deberá dejar sin efecto el llamado correspondiente e iniciar uno nuevo.

3. Condiciones que deberán observar los oferentes

A los efectos de la presentación de ofertas en la plataforma electrónica, los oferentes deberán: (i) autenticarse en la plataforma; y (ii) encontrarse inscriptos en RUPE. Toda la documentación de la oferta deberá ingresarse electrónicamente en los formatos que se indiquen en el respectivo Pliego de Condiciones Particulares, sin contraseñas ni bloqueos para su impresión o copiado.

Por su parte, si en la oferta se incluyera información confidencial, será de exclusiva responsabilidad del oferente expresar tal carácter al momento del ingreso, en forma separada a la parte pública de su oferta. Sin perjuicio de lo anterior, en la parte pública de la oferta se deberá incluir un resumen no confidencial de la información confidencial que entregue.

Respecto a aquellos documentos o certificados cuyos originales el oferente sólo posea en formato papel, se deberán digitalizar los mismos y presentarlos conjuntamente con el resto de la oferta. En los casos en que se requiera la presentación de garantías o muestras como parte de las ofertas, las mismas deberán entregarse en la forma requerida por el organismo contratante en la invitación a cotizar o en el Pliego de Condiciones Particulares respectivo.

4. Recepción, reserva, apertura y acceso a las ofertas

En relación a la recepción de ofertas, la misma deberá estar disponible las 24 horas en la plataforma electrónica hasta el momento fijado para la apertura de la convocatoria respectiva. Dicha fecha deberá ser establecida en el día hábil y en el horario definido en el sistema por la Agencia de Compras y Contrataciones del Estado, siendo válida la prórroga aprobada una vez ingresada al sistema informático.

Las ofertas ingresadas sólo podrán ser conocidas –inclusive por la administración contratante- a partir de la fecha y hora establecida para su apertura, no pudiendo modificarse cualquiera de las propuestas a partir de dicho momento. Asimismo, las ofertas quedarán visibles para todos los oferentes con excepción de la información entregada con carácter confidencial.

La apertura de las ofertas por su parte será realizada en forma electrónica, siendo el acta remitida por la plataforma electrónica a la dirección de correo registrada por cada oferente en RUPE. En consecuencia, será responsabilidad de cada oferente verificar que la dirección electrónica constituida sea correcta, válida y apta para la recepción de dichas comunicaciones.

Cuando un procedimiento contemple la presentación de ofertas separando el contenido técnico del económico, se procederá a abrir únicamente el contenido técnico, reservándose el contenido económico para la instancia indicada en el Pliego Particular, que también se efectuará a través del sistema.

Por su parte, cuando la administración contratante solicite salvar defectos o carencia, el oferente deberá agregar en línea la documentación requerida.

5. Interrupciones en el sistema

De producirse problemas de funcionamiento en el sistema que impidan el ingreso de las ofertas al mismo durante las 24 horas corridas previas a la apertura, se reprogramará una nueva fecha de apertura, a los efectos de asegurar el plazo requerido para tal ingreso. Dicha reprogramación también podrá efectuarse en los casos de Pregón o puja a la baja, en forma acorde a la fecha de inicio de pujas. En tal caso, la nueva fecha será publicada en el portal de Compras y Contrataciones Estatales y comunicada a la administración contratante.

Lo anterior no será de aplicación en los casos en que las interrupciones en el sistema fueran producto de cortes programados y/o de corta duración ocurridos en el horario de 9 a 17 horas en días hábiles.

Si abierto el procedimiento se presentaran reclamos por no haber podido ingresar ofertas en el plazo para su recepción, los mismos serán analizados por la Agencia de Compras y Contrataciones del Estado. De constatarse que la imposibilidad de ofertar se debió a un problema de funcionamiento del sistema informático, se podrá dar lugar a la anulación del procedimiento.

Por último, en el artículo 14 del Decreto se establece que las administraciones públicas estatales que utilicen la modalidad de apertura electrónica deberán ingresar en el sistema, las direcciones de correo electrónico a las que deberán efectuarse las comunicaciones relativas a las interrupciones, las cuales a su vez serán remitidas a la dirección de correo electrónico indicado por el organismo contratante en el llamado.

6. Consideraciones finales

Esta nueva normativa permitirá extender la digitalización del proceso de compras y contrataciones con la administración pública, dando un paso más hacia la modernización del mismo acompasándolo con los avances que ha habido en los últimos tiempos en materia tecnológica y con las exigencias actuales del mercado.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Authors
 
Some comments from our readers…
“The articles are extremely timely and highly applicable”
“I often find critical information not available elsewhere”
“As in-house counsel, Mondaq’s service is of great value”

Related Topics
 
Related Articles
 
Up-coming Events Search
Tools
Print
Font Size:
Translation
Channels
Mondaq on Twitter
 
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
 
Email Address
Company Name
Password
Confirm Password
Position
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Accounting
 Anti-trust
 Commercial
 Compliance
 Consumer
 Criminal
 Employment
 Energy
 Environment
 Family
 Finance
 Government
 Healthcare
 Immigration
 Insolvency
 Insurance
 International
 IP
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Litigation
 Media & IT
 Privacy
 Real Estate
 Strategy
 Tax
 Technology
 Transport
 Wealth Mgt
Regions
Africa
Asia
Asia Pacific
Australasia
Canada
Caribbean
Europe
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
U.K.
United States
Worldwide Updates
Registration (you must scroll down to set your data preferences)

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including your content preferences, for three primary purposes (full details of Mondaq’s use of your personal data can be found in our Privacy and Cookies Notice):

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting to show content ("Content") relevant to your interests.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, news alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use.

Mondaq hopes that our registered users will support us in maintaining our free to view business model by consenting to our use of your personal data as described below.

Mondaq has a "free to view" business model. Our services are paid for by Contributors in exchange for Mondaq providing them with access to information about who accesses their content. Once personal data is transferred to our Contributors they become a data controller of this personal data. They use it to measure the response that their articles are receiving, as a form of market research. They may also use it to provide Mondaq users with information about their products and services.

Details of each Contributor to which your personal data will be transferred is clearly stated within the Content that you access. For full details of how this Contributor will use your personal data, you should review the Contributor’s own Privacy Notice.

Please indicate your preference below:

Yes, I am happy to support Mondaq in maintaining its free to view business model by agreeing to allow Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors whose Content I access
No, I do not want Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors

Also please let us know whether you are happy to receive communications promoting products and services offered by Mondaq:

Yes, I am happy to received promotional communications from Mondaq
No, please do not send me promotional communications from Mondaq
Terms & Conditions

Mondaq.com (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd (Mondaq). Mondaq grants you a non-exclusive, revocable licence to access the Website and associated services, such as the Mondaq News Alerts (Services), subject to and in consideration of your compliance with the following terms and conditions of use (Terms). Your use of the Website and/or Services constitutes your agreement to the Terms. Mondaq may terminate your use of the Website and Services if you are in breach of these Terms or if Mondaq decides to terminate the licence granted hereunder for any reason whatsoever.

Use of www.mondaq.com

To Use Mondaq.com you must be: eighteen (18) years old or over; legally capable of entering into binding contracts; and not in any way prohibited by the applicable law to enter into these Terms in the jurisdiction which you are currently located.

You may use the Website as an unregistered user, however, you are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the Content or to receive the Services.

You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these Terms or with the prior written consent of Mondaq. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information from the Content. Nor shall you extract information about users or Contributors in order to offer them any services or products.

In your use of the Website and/or Services you shall: comply with all applicable laws, regulations, directives and legislations which apply to your Use of the Website and/or Services in whatever country you are physically located including without limitation any and all consumer law, export control laws and regulations; provide to us true, correct and accurate information and promptly inform us in the event that any information that you have provided to us changes or becomes inaccurate; notify Mondaq immediately of any circumstances where you have reason to believe that any Intellectual Property Rights or any other rights of any third party may have been infringed; co-operate with reasonable security or other checks or requests for information made by Mondaq from time to time; and at all times be fully liable for the breach of any of these Terms by a third party using your login details to access the Website and/or Services

however, you shall not: do anything likely to impair, interfere with or damage or cause harm or distress to any persons, or the network; do anything that will infringe any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights of Mondaq or any third party; or use the Website, Services and/or Content otherwise than in accordance with these Terms; use any trade marks or service marks of Mondaq or the Contributors, or do anything which may be seen to take unfair advantage of the reputation and goodwill of Mondaq or the Contributors, or the Website, Services and/or Content.

Mondaq reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to take any action that it deems necessary and appropriate in the event it considers that there is a breach or threatened breach of the Terms.

Mondaq’s Rights and Obligations

Unless otherwise expressly set out to the contrary, nothing in these Terms shall serve to transfer from Mondaq to you, any Intellectual Property Rights owned by and/or licensed to Mondaq and all rights, title and interest in and to such Intellectual Property Rights will remain exclusively with Mondaq and/or its licensors.

Mondaq shall use its reasonable endeavours to make the Website and Services available to you at all times, but we cannot guarantee an uninterrupted and fault free service.

Mondaq reserves the right to make changes to the services and/or the Website or part thereof, from time to time, and we may add, remove, modify and/or vary any elements of features and functionalities of the Website or the services.

Mondaq also reserves the right from time to time to monitor your Use of the Website and/or services.

Disclaimer

The Content is general information only. It is not intended to constitute legal advice or seek to be the complete and comprehensive statement of the law, nor is it intended to address your specific requirements or provide advice on which reliance should be placed. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the Content for any purpose. All Content provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers hereby exclude and disclaim all representations, warranties or guarantees with regard to the Content, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Mondaq expressly excludes all representations, warranties, obligations, and liabilities arising out of or in connection with all Content. In no event shall Mondaq and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Content or performance of Mondaq’s Services.

General

Mondaq may alter or amend these Terms by amending them on the Website. By continuing to Use the Services and/or the Website after such amendment, you will be deemed to have accepted any amendment to these Terms.

These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and you irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales to settle any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with these Terms. If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of any legal protection accorded in accordance with the law of the place where you are habitually resident ("Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these terms shall be governed by Local Law and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these Terms shall be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts where you are habitually resident.

You may print and keep a copy of these Terms, which form the entire agreement between you and Mondaq and supersede any other communications or advertising in respect of the Service and/or the Website.

No delay in exercising or non-exercise by you and/or Mondaq of any of its rights under or in connection with these Terms shall operate as a waiver or release of each of your or Mondaq’s right. Rather, any such waiver or release must be specifically granted in writing signed by the party granting it.

If any part of these Terms is held unenforceable, that part shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of the parties, and the Terms shall continue in full force and effect.

Mondaq shall not incur any liability to you on account of any loss or damage resulting from any delay or failure to perform all or any part of these Terms if such delay or failure is caused, in whole or in part, by events, occurrences, or causes beyond the control of Mondaq. Such events, occurrences or causes will include, without limitation, acts of God, strikes, lockouts, server and network failure, riots, acts of war, earthquakes, fire and explosions.

By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions