Uruguay: El Gobierno Promulgo Nueva Ley En El Marco De Su Política Anti-Alcohol

Last Updated: 17 February 2016
Article by Federico Caresani

El pasado 28 de diciembre de 2015 el Poder Ejecutivo promulgo la ley 19.360  que modifica dos artículos de la ley 18.191 (Ley de transito y seguridad vial), siendo su principal modificación que  la concentración de alcohol en sangre para los conductores de cualquier tipo de vehículo sin importar el tipo de libreta que posean pasa a ser cero. Esto se encuadra en el marco de su política anti alcohol que ha sido uno de los bastiones del actual gobierno. Cabe recordar que el Presidente ni bien asumió su segundo mandato dejó en claro que iba a "atacar" de raíz el problema del alcohol en la sociedad uruguaya; similar actitud de su primer mandato cuando ataco el tabaco con diversas reglamentaciones e impuestos que tienden a desestimular su consumo. 

En primer lugar consideramos importante destacar que como mencionáramos en el acápite de la presente nota el gobierno mediante diferentes medidas busca atacar de "raíz" el flagelo del alcohol en la sociedad uruguaya. Es así que conformó una comisión integrada por altos funcionarios gubernamentales y de los gremios de la bebida para determinar las acciones a seguir. A modo de ejemplo se busca desestimular la compra de alcohol en horarios nocturnos y por ende se prohíbe la venta del mismo en el horario de 22 a 8 horas con excepción de restaurantes, pubs y locales bailables. Es decir todas aquellas estaciones de servicio, mini mercados, supermercados, almacenes, etc. no podrán no solo vender al público en esa franja horaria sino que tampoco podrán enviar a domicilio bebidas alcohólicas. Asimismo se piensa desestimular el consumo con medidas de prevención, a través del aumento en el precio de las bebidas alcohólicas, el incremento de impuestos a las mismas, como se ha venido haciendo con el tabaco, limitación en los puestos de venta y sus horarios, etc. Otro tipo de limitación de tipo primaria o previa es prohibir la propaganda y publicidad de alcohol desestimulando la compra y enviando "mensajes subliminales" que prueben que el alcohol no es una "moda" sino que puede llegar a ser una enfermedad.

En segundo lugar encontramos otro tipo de medidas que buscan desestimular el consumo mediante programas de educación, concientización e información de los efectos y las consecuencias del alcohol,  intentando concientizar a la población de sus efectos nocivos para la salud, de gravedad del consumo en exceso y como afecta a toda la sociedad en su conjunto. Estas campañas serán llevadas adelante por los centros educativos e instituciones médicas. Es importante destacar que según informe del Ministerio de Salud Publica el consumo problemático de alcohol afecta a más de 250.000 uruguayos.

Enfocándonos más específicamente en el título de la presente nota debemos desarrollar de manera sintética la nueva ley (19.360) que fuera promulgada el pasado 28 de diciembre y que entró a regir en los últimos días. La misma consta únicamente de dos artículos; el primero deroga y modifica la redacción dada por el artículo 45 de la ley 18.191 (Ley de Transito y seguridad vial) y establece que la concentración de alcohol en sangre pasa de 0,3 a 0,0 gramos por litro; quedando su redacción de la siguiente forma: " Todo conductor estará inhabilitado para conducir vehículos de cualquier tipo o categoría, que se desplacen en la vía pública, cuando la concentración de alcohol en sangre o su equivalente en términos de espirometría sea superior a 0,0 gramos por litro". Cabe recordar al respecto que en la ley anterior a la 18.191 se había establecido el límite e tolerancia en 0,8 gramos por litro posteriormente se redujo a 0,5 después a 0,3 y en la nueva redacción a 0. El segundo artículo de la ley 19.163 derogo el artículo 47 de la ley 18.191 que preveía excepciones para conductores que tuvieran alcohol en sangre por agentes externos.

El principal motivo de estas modificaciones es que se quiere atacar el problema de raíz y sancionar a todas aquellas personas (sin importar si son conductores con libreta profesional o amateur) que opten por manejar una vez que hayan ingerido alcohol. Esta política gubernamental es impulsada no solo desde la Unidad Nacional de Seguridad Vial (UNASEV) sino que se enmarca en la misma política anti alcohol que mencionáramos antes. Los informes de la UNASEV indican que durante el primer semestre del año 2015 de los 9.000 controles realizados de espirometría de conductores que participaron en accidentes solo el 10% tenía alcohol en sangre lo que supone una reducción drástica de los niveles de años anteriores y por este motivo se quiere llegar al fondo del asunto con esta prohibición absoluta de conducir bajo efectos de alcohol en sangre. Los controles permitidos para determinar si se conduce bajo efectos de alcohol es la espirometría y en caso de accidentes o que hayan lesionados o a solicitud de alguno de los involucrados los exámenes de sangre.

Las sanciones a quienes conduzcan bajo efectos de alcohol son de varios tipos. La primera es de tipo administrativa como ser el retiro de la libreta y la suspensión de la habilitación de conducir por seis meses hasta una año dependiendo del grado de alcohol en sangre y en caso de reincidir puede inhabilitarse por dos años e incluso el retiro definitivo de la misma. Además existen sanciones de otro tipo como ser: a) la monetaria con multas que superan los $ 20.000, b) que la prestadora de seguros no cubra el riesgo c) sanción judicial mediante los juzgados de faltas que pueden aplicar medidas paliativas. Más allá de este tipo de sanciones debemos decir que la mayor gravedad de conducir bajo estos efectos son las consecuencias que puede acarrear hacia las terceras personas que son potenciales víctimas de accidentes fatales que es uno de las principales causas de muerte en Uruguay entre la población más joven y que en muchas casos son causados por conductores bajo los efectos del alcohol.

A modo de conclusión debemos decir que en estos tiempos modernos que corren en donde el consumo de alcohol afecta indiscriminadamente a sectores altos y bajos de la sociedad, adolescentes, jóvenes y mayores, creemos que es una medida acertada del gobierno atacar el problema de "raíz" con medidas como las que mencionáramos a lo largo del presente artículo. Entendemos que la prevención es la mejor herramienta para combatir el flagelo pero sin dudas además de prevenir hay que actuar directamente sobre el problema como se esta intentando hacer. El tiempo dirá si se consiguen los resultados buscados.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Authors
 
Some comments from our readers…
“The articles are extremely timely and highly applicable”
“I often find critical information not available elsewhere”
“As in-house counsel, Mondaq’s service is of great value”

Up-coming Events Search
Tools
Print
Font Size:
Translation
Channels
Mondaq on Twitter
 
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
 
Email Address
Company Name
Password
Confirm Password
Position
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Accounting
 Anti-trust
 Commercial
 Compliance
 Consumer
 Criminal
 Employment
 Energy
 Environment
 Family
 Finance
 Government
 Healthcare
 Immigration
 Insolvency
 Insurance
 International
 IP
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Litigation
 Media & IT
 Privacy
 Real Estate
 Strategy
 Tax
 Technology
 Transport
 Wealth Mgt
Regions
Africa
Asia
Asia Pacific
Australasia
Canada
Caribbean
Europe
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
U.K.
United States
Worldwide Updates
Check to state you have read and
agree to our Terms and Conditions

Terms & Conditions and Privacy Statement

Mondaq.com (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd and as a user you are granted a non-exclusive, revocable license to access the Website under its terms and conditions of use. Your use of the Website constitutes your agreement to the following terms and conditions of use. Mondaq Ltd may terminate your use of the Website if you are in breach of these terms and conditions or if Mondaq Ltd decides to terminate your license of use for whatever reason.

Use of www.mondaq.com

You may use the Website but are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the content and articles available (the Content). You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these terms & conditions or with the prior written consent of Mondaq Ltd. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information about Mondaq.com’s content, users or contributors in order to offer them any services or products which compete directly or indirectly with Mondaq Ltd’s services and products.

Disclaimer

Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the documents and related graphics published on this server for any purpose. All such documents and related graphics are provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers hereby disclaim all warranties and conditions with regard to this information, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. In no event shall Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information available from this server.

The documents and related graphics published on this server could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically added to the information herein. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described herein at any time.

Registration

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including what sort of information you are interested in, for three primary purposes:

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, newsletter alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our information providers who provide information free for your use.

Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) do not sell or provide your details to third parties other than information providers. The reason we provide our information providers with this information is so that they can measure the response their articles are receiving and provide you with information about their products and services.

If you do not want us to provide your name and email address you may opt out by clicking here .

If you do not wish to receive any future announcements of products and services offered by Mondaq by clicking here .

Information Collection and Use

We require site users to register with Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to view the free information on the site. We also collect information from our users at several different points on the websites: this is so that we can customise the sites according to individual usage, provide 'session-aware' functionality, and ensure that content is acquired and developed appropriately. This gives us an overall picture of our user profiles, which in turn shows to our Editorial Contributors the type of person they are reaching by posting articles on Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) – meaning more free content for registered users.

We are only able to provide the material on the Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) site free to site visitors because we can pass on information about the pages that users are viewing and the personal information users provide to us (e.g. email addresses) to reputable contributing firms such as law firms who author those pages. We do not sell or rent information to anyone else other than the authors of those pages, who may change from time to time. Should you wish us not to disclose your details to any of these parties, please tick the box above or tick the box marked "Opt out of Registration Information Disclosure" on the Your Profile page. We and our author organisations may only contact you via email or other means if you allow us to do so. Users can opt out of contact when they register on the site, or send an email to unsubscribe@mondaq.com with “no disclosure” in the subject heading

Mondaq News Alerts

In order to receive Mondaq News Alerts, users have to complete a separate registration form. This is a personalised service where users choose regions and topics of interest and we send it only to those users who have requested it. Users can stop receiving these Alerts by going to the Mondaq News Alerts page and deselecting all interest areas. In the same way users can amend their personal preferences to add or remove subject areas.

Cookies

A cookie is a small text file written to a user’s hard drive that contains an identifying user number. The cookies do not contain any personal information about users. We use the cookie so users do not have to log in every time they use the service and the cookie will automatically expire if you do not visit the Mondaq website (or its affiliate sites) for 12 months. We also use the cookie to personalise a user's experience of the site (for example to show information specific to a user's region). As the Mondaq sites are fully personalised and cookies are essential to its core technology the site will function unpredictably with browsers that do not support cookies - or where cookies are disabled (in these circumstances we advise you to attempt to locate the information you require elsewhere on the web). However if you are concerned about the presence of a Mondaq cookie on your machine you can also choose to expire the cookie immediately (remove it) by selecting the 'Log Off' menu option as the last thing you do when you use the site.

Some of our business partners may use cookies on our site (for example, advertisers). However, we have no access to or control over these cookies and we are not aware of any at present that do so.

Log Files

We use IP addresses to analyse trends, administer the site, track movement, and gather broad demographic information for aggregate use. IP addresses are not linked to personally identifiable information.

Links

This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that Mondaq (or its affiliate sites) are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of these third party sites. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this Web site.

Surveys & Contests

From time-to-time our site requests information from users via surveys or contests. Participation in these surveys or contests is completely voluntary and the user therefore has a choice whether or not to disclose any information requested. Information requested may include contact information (such as name and delivery address), and demographic information (such as postcode, age level). Contact information will be used to notify the winners and award prizes. Survey information will be used for purposes of monitoring or improving the functionality of the site.

Mail-A-Friend

If a user elects to use our referral service for informing a friend about our site, we ask them for the friend’s name and email address. Mondaq stores this information and may contact the friend to invite them to register with Mondaq, but they will not be contacted more than once. The friend may contact Mondaq to request the removal of this information from our database.

Emails

From time to time Mondaq may send you emails promoting Mondaq services including new services. You may opt out of receiving such emails by clicking below.

*** If you do not wish to receive any future announcements of services offered by Mondaq you may opt out by clicking here .

Security

This website takes every reasonable precaution to protect our users’ information. When users submit sensitive information via the website, your information is protected using firewalls and other security technology. If you have any questions about the security at our website, you can send an email to webmaster@mondaq.com.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user’s personally identifiable information changes (such as postcode), or if a user no longer desires our service, we will endeavour to provide a way to correct, update or remove that user’s personal data provided to us. This can usually be done at the “Your Profile” page or by sending an email to EditorialAdvisor@mondaq.com.

Notification of Changes

If we decide to change our Terms & Conditions or Privacy Policy, we will post those changes on our site so our users are always aware of what information we collect, how we use it, and under what circumstances, if any, we disclose it. If at any point we decide to use personally identifiable information in a manner different from that stated at the time it was collected, we will notify users by way of an email. Users will have a choice as to whether or not we use their information in this different manner. We will use information in accordance with the privacy policy under which the information was collected.

How to contact Mondaq

You can contact us with comments or queries at enquiries@mondaq.com.

If for some reason you believe Mondaq Ltd. has not adhered to these principles, please notify us by e-mail at problems@mondaq.com and we will use commercially reasonable efforts to determine and correct the problem promptly.