In 1979, the Heads of State and Governments of the Member States
of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
established the ECOWAS Trade Liberalization Scheme (ETLS) pursuant
to the overarching objective of promoting co-operation and
integration among Member States.
The aim of the ETLS was to establish a free trade area where
enterprises of Member States may move goods within the ECOWAS bloc
without paying duties and levies. However for so long, the
operational effectiveness of the ETLS has been called to
The ETLS is not a myth but an operational tool for duty and
quota free trade within the ECOWAS bloc, regardless of some severe
challenges that still exist. Whilst a big part of the blame for the
uncertainties around the scheme rests with the ECOWAS Commission
and Member States, it is believed that some blame must be placed
squarely on the private sector. In particular, it is noted that
many intending users of the scheme either do not understand the
technical requirements of the scheme or do not understand their
rights when challenged by customs agencies at the various borders
within the ECOWAS bloc.
It is therefore imperative that those responsible for designing
and implementing the supply chain strategies within their
businesses – small or large, must take urgent steps to
understand the provisions of the ETLS and perhaps seek expert help
when in doubt.
Furthermore, businesses who are yet to leverage the ETLS (and
can do so) must begin to consider their comparative advantage over
those businesses (from member States or third countries) who cannot
leverage the ETLS.
This article seeks to examine the mechanisms through which foreign judgments are enforced in Nigeria. It also examines some of the prevailing issues that have recurred in the Nigerian courts as relates to the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments.
From the provisions of the Act, the primary function of the Minister and the Department is to set standards for weights and measures and in addition, certify weighing and measuring equipment or instruments.
The High Court of Accra, Ghana delivered a ruling on an application filed by Mr. Chude Mba, seeking an enforcement of the judgment of the Economic Community of West African States Community Court of Justice entered in his favour against the Republic of Ghana.
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