On Tuesday, United States District Court Judge William H. Orrick struck down President Trump's executive order to penalize "sanctuary cities." As a result, President Trump's efforts to withhold federal funds from localities that limit or refuse to cooperate with immigration enforcement were temporarily thwarted.

Specifically, localities such as San Francisco have been dubbed as "sanctuary cities" because they provide a "safe haven" for undocumented immigrants by not helping federal authorities with the deportation of illegal immigrants.

Judge Orrick of San Francisco held that it is Congress, not the President, who can place conditions—such as ending aid to "sanctuary cities" that do not cooperate with turning over illegal immigrants—on federal funding. The temporary injunction presently applies nationwide and, according to Judge Orrick, the ruling is expected to be upheld and result in the permanent defeat of the executive order.

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