The Building Safety Act 2022 slowly made its way through Parliament last year and, amongst many other matters, introduced a framework to a multitude of leaseholders in respect of remediation costs for unsafe cladding, and other building safety defects. The first provisions of the Act came into force on the 28th June 2022, with the remainder expected to be implemented by October 2023.
In a much needed fashion, the Act introduced clearer standards and guidance in relation to overall building safety which included setting out the safety requirements for building owners of high-risk buildings.
Rather crucially, the Act offers protection to qualifying leaseholders from costs associated with the remediation of unsafe cladding, and instead places this onus on the building owner. To be a 'qualifying leaseholder' your property must be situated in a high-risk building (above 11 metres, or five storeys) which contains at least two dwellings, and on 14th February 2022, your lease was already in existence.
*caution* Any current leaseholder who is looking at extending their Lease, or varying their Lease, which in turn, may result in a surrender and re-grant of the Lease, must take extra care, as they may well prejudice their 'qualifying leaseholder' position under the Act in doing so. Legal advice should be sought in all cases.
If a building owner is deemed responsible and fails to pay for the required remedial works, then any interested person can either apply for a Remediation Order or a Remediation Contribution Order. What's the difference? A Remediation Order requires the relevant party to undertake the external repairs required to a relevant building. The order will also place an obligation on the relevant party to remedy the defect within a specified time period. A Remediation Contribution Order does not however go as far, and merely seeks payment towards the costs incurred, or costs to be incurred, in rectifying a safety defect, such as cladding.
As we touch on above, the Act only applies to 'qualifying leaseholders'. If you are not a qualifying leaseholder, then you should check whether the developer of the building has signed the Building Safety Pledge, in which they commit to rectifying any fire safety works in relevant buildings that they have either developed or refurbished in the last 30 years.
The Government has some helpful online guidance which you can follow if you are unsure on whether you will fall liable to pay or not:
Obtaining as much information as you can at the outset of any purchase will allow you to make informed decisions and should limit any unexpected problems later down the line.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.