Turkey's Environmental and Urbanisation Ministry has introduced new principles for wind and solar power plants ("WPP" and "SPP" respectively). The rules outline restrictions on existing and new generation facilities in protected natural areas, as well as criteria where the local District Commission of Protection of Natural Heritage can allow projects to proceed.
Notable aspects of the rules include:
- New WPP projects are not permitted in sensitive areas which are subject to strict protection under legislation ("Sensitive Areas"). However, existing facilities can continue to operate until their current permission expires.
- WPP facilities currently in Sensitive Areas cannot increase their capacities by adding new turbines or changing their areas. However, the local District Commission of Protection of Natural Heritage can allow such expansions in certain limited circumstances.
- The following projects can continue
activities in (i) qualified natural reserves and (ii) sustainable
protection and controlled use areas:
- Existing WPP facilities; and
- WPP projects with approved construction plans.
- In (i) qualified natural reserves and
(ii) sustainable protection and controlled use areas, the local
District Commission of Protection of Natural Heritage can permit
new WPP facilities to be built, provided:
- Wind turbines are at least 300 metres
- Sensitive Areas.
- Bird migration routes.
- Wind turbines have automatic stop radar systems installed.
- An ecology-based scientific research report exist.
- Wind turbines are at least 300 metres from both:
- New SPP projects will not be
- First rank natural protected areas.
- Sensitive Areas.
- Qualified natural reserves.
- In certain circumstances, the local
County Commission of Protection of Natural Heritage can allow new
SPP facilities to be built in:
- Second and Third rank natural protected areas.
- Sustainable protection and controlled use areas.
- It must be at least 300 metres from Sensitive Areas
- The combined total of existing and new SPP projects will not exceed 10% of a natural protected area.
Please see below links for full text of relevant principles, published in Official Gazette number 29959 on 25 January 2017 (only available in Turkish):
Information first published in the MA | Gazette, a fortnightly legal update newsletter produced by Moroğlu Arseven.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.