Continued growth in the Maori economy off the back of what has been a tumultuous Treaty settlement process will see more active participation of iwi groups in New Zealand's domestic M&A market, Chapman Tripp says.

Other themes identified in the firm's publication – Te Ao Maori – Trends and insights – include increasing diversification of investment away from primary industries, adoption of tikanga in the commercial context, increased clout for Maori in the political sphere and an overall progression in indigenous rights law in New Zealand.

"The relationship between the Crown and Maori continues to evolve and, as more and more Treaty settlements mature, we expect to see further growth in the Maori economy, already estimated as worth $50 billion", says Chapman Tripp's Hoa Rangapu Whakarae (Chief Executive Partner) Nick Wells.

"New investment areas include geothermal, digital, services, education, tourism and housing. Participation in export markets is also increasing and we expect it to increase exponentially in the short-to-medium term – especially in Asia, in the finance and business sectors and the dairy, forestry, seafood and red meat markets," Wells said.

"Contractual agreements and constitutional arrangements are drawing on tikanga Maori through alternate dispute resolution procedures and we expect this trend to gain traction. An example is Waikato-Tainui's Hohou Te Rongo that uses aspects of negotiation, mediation and arbitration.

"We would advise those wanting to engage with Maori business to become familiar with the underlying concepts of tikanga Maori."

The Supreme Court Wakatu decision, which found that that the Crown had fiduciary duties to the Maori owners of the "Nelson tenths" land, was likely to see a progression in indigenous rights law in New Zealand, Wells said.

"Between the Wakatu case and other proceedings now before the courts and the Waitangi Tribunal, we expect many iwi will be looking at the emerging case law, weighing their rights and reassessing their relationship with the government in ways which may lead to further claims."

The information in this article is for informative purposes only and should not be relied on as legal advice. Please contact Chapman Tripp for advice tailored to your situation.