Earlier this year, one of my team members relayed a conversation he'd had with a well-intentioned colleague who was grappling with issues around his client's equal opportunity briefing policy. He wanted to expand the number of female barristers on their firm's panel and was looking for names of female barristers that could be included based on their experience in their area of law. Though my colleague dutifully suggested a few who immediately came to mind, the conversation ended with the rhetorical question, "Why are there so few female barristers?".
Much has been written recently about the fact that, amongst the solicitor's branch of the profession, 53% of its members are now female – a statistic disclosed by the most recent "State of the Profession" report. When one considers the high number of female graduates from law schools, the see-saw is sure to tip further in favour of those members of our profession with only X chromosomes. According to the 2020 report, there are, across Australia, around 14,897 solicitors who are aged under 30; and of that cohort, some 9,480 of them are women – that is a surprising 63.64%! This data suggests that the legal profession is highly attractive to females – at least when making early career decisions after leaving school.
Extracting data on the number of barristers in Australia and the proportion of those who are female hasn't been an easy task. Using the Australian Bar barrister search tool, it would seem there are around 6,800 barristers Australia wide, of whom 1,744 are women. That's a surprisingly low 25.65%. In Queensland, the underrepresentation of women at the Bar is even more pronounced – of 1,164 barristers in the State, only 254 are female – just 21.82%.
The difficulties faced by women at the Bar have been the subject
of a great deal of discussion over the years. It was some 18 years
ago, in 2003, that the New South Wales Bar Council adopted its own
equitable briefing policy – followed only a year later by the
Law Council of Australia drawing up its own version of the
blueprint. However, if the Law Council's report on its own
policy is any guide, it indicates that the policy alone has not
achieved the desired outcome. The 2018-19 report shows that
of total briefs delivered in the reporting period, 27% went
to female barristers, yet those briefs represented only 20% of the
overall briefing fee value for the period. In other words, it looks
as though female barristers are getting a percentage of briefs
consistent with their representation of the barrister's branch
of the profession yet are not being offered as many opportunities
to work on more lucrative or larger matters as their male
Further investigation, if the information were available, may reveal that the nature of the work the female barristers are handling is not as lucrative as their male counterparts e.g. family law vs litigation. Worth considering.
So what's the solution?
I read with interest a paper authored by Justin Gleeson SC (as he then was) and Rena Sofroniou (published in the New South Wales Bar News, Winter 2004) in which the authors offered a number of possible reasons for the underrepresentation of females at the Bar. The authors reported that one woman they spoke to suggested that the problem came down to two "F Factors" – fear and family. It was suggested that men might be encouraged to follow through with their ambitious professional dreams and vocations while women were, either innately or by social condition, more risk averse. I wonder whether the female members of our profession would see it that way in these times? Also, is the fear women experience related to risk or another factor?
Speaking for myself, I haven't noticed any difference between the competency of male and female barristers. If anything, the female barristers I have worked with have shown superior "soft skills" than their male counterparts. I'm sure that there will be any number of hypotheses as to why the barrister's branch of the profession is still relatively unattractive to women (in comparison to the solicitor's branch of the profession). I don't pretend to have the answers, yet I suspect that we need to do much more than simply establish "equitable briefing practices".
Surely we need to firstly identify the perceived barriers for
women at the bar and address those? I don't suppose to know
what all those barriers are.
However , I suspect that
there are a myriad of reasons as to why relatively few women choose
to undertake Bar exams.
One thing is for sure; unless something changes, future Attorneys' General are going to find it very difficult to maintain gender balance on court benches if too few women rise to the senior ranks of the barrister's branch of the profession.
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