There has been significant attention directed to the issues surrounding combustible cladding since the deadly fire in London's Grenfell Tower in 2017. With the Queensland Government's recently announced proposal of a complete ban on combustible cladding for all new buildings, concerns about cladding in Queensland have been brought into even sharper focus.
While the Queensland Government's recent proposal may bring some certainty for future buildings, the question of how to deal with combustible cladding risk on existing buildings remains a live issue for building owners, body corporates and professionals alike.
What is clear is that the uncertainty surrounding the liability and insurance implications of combustible cladding is likely to lead to claims being made against stakeholders involved in construction projects containing combustible cladding.
An emerging landscape
While this remains an emerging litigation space, combustible cladding has already come before the courts in a number of cases.
For example, one case dealing with liability for a fire caused by combustible cladding has already been decided by the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal, with a builder and various consultants being ordered to pay significant sums of money.1
In another Victorian case, a builder successfully argued against the regulator that it could not be directed to carry out rectification works in relation to combustible cladding identified on various completed buildings.2 This was because under the relevant legislation, builders are only required to rectify defects identified during the construction process.
There are also currently two class actions on foot in the Federal Court against manufactures of combustible cladding. These proceedings are being conducted on behalf of building owners seeking compensation for the costs of replacing combustible cladding.3
It is clear these cases are likely to be the first of many to come before the courts in relation to combustible cladding.
Issues to consider
Given the increased likelihood of litigation and claims being made, there are a number of potential issues that building owners, body corporates, builders and consultants such as architects, engineers, certifiers and surveyors should be aware of.
A key issue for all stakeholders to consider will be where potential liability for combustible cladding lies. This question is likely to turn of the facts of each matter, and in many cases, it may be that liability is apportionable between a number of parties.
Stakeholders should also be aware that in some cases determining liability may also be complicated by significant delays between the instillation and discovery of combustible cladding. This may give rise to limitation of action issues.
The critical issues for professionals to consider will be:
- assessing potential exposures by determining whether they have been involved in any projects in which combustible cladding was used;
- reviewing the scope of relevant insurance policies that may respond to claims made in relation to combustible cladding issues; and
- determining whether there are any known cladding risks that should be notified to an insurer.
Similarly, building owners and body corporates should consider:
- whether they have complied with all regulatory requirements regarding buildings that may be affected by the presence of combustible cladding ;
- whether rectification works need to be carried out to replace non-compliant cladding;
- whether any insurers or contractors need to be notified of any circumstances giving rise to a potential claim in relation to cladding; and
- whether any claims might be available through the courts or through regulators to seek compensation for any losses suffered as a result of combustible cladding.
Early consideration of these issues will be important so that parties can be prepared, should litigation become a possibility.
Assessing your risk
While the dust is yet to settle on the full extent of the liability and insurance implications of combustible cladding, what is clear that there are likely to be increasing numbers of claims being made by and against parties involved in construction projects containing combustible cladding.
Building owners, body corporates, builders and consultants should give early consideration to the potential implications of any combustible cladding in buildings or projects they are or have been involved with.
1Owners Corporation No 1 of PS613436T v LU
Simon Builders Pty Ltd (Building and Property)  VCAT
2LU Simon Builders Pty Ltd & Ors v Victorian Building Authority  VSC 805
3Federal Court proceeding NSD215/2019, The Owners – Strata Plan 87231 V 3a Composites GMBH & Anor and Federal Court proceeding NSD940/2019, The Owners – Strata Plan No 91086 V Fairview Architectural Pty Ltd ACN 111 935 963
Cooper Grace Ward is a leading Australian law firm based in Brisbane.
This publication is for information only and is not legal advice. You should obtain advice that is specific to your circumstances and not rely on this publication as legal advice. If there are any issues you would like us to advise you on arising from this publication, please contact Cooper Grace Ward Lawyers.