Answer ... Although Cyprus is traditionally a highly unionised country, there has been a gradual shift from collective bargaining to individual agreements and an increase in flexible forms of employment.
Further, the following developments are expected in 2019:
- The application of the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in the context of the employment relationship will be tested before the courts and further guidance will be provided on its interpretation through case law. Moreover, the commissioner for personal data protection has announced the commencement of in-depth investigations in both the public and private sector, to ensure compliance with the provisions of GDPR and the relevant national legislation.
- Serious tensions will arise between the government, the unions, doctors in the private sector, private hospitals and clinics, the Health Insurance Organisation, private insurers and employers and employees working in the health and pharmaceutical industry, because of the establishment of a new universal National Health Scheme.
In the absence of a final withdrawal agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom, it remains to be seen how Brexit will affect the employment and residency rights of UK nationals living in Cyprus.
Finally, there is also debate on the introduction of a statutory national minimum wage, as there is currently a statutory minimum wage only in selected professions, and on the extension of paternity leave to unmarried fathers. With regard to the latter, on 20 February 2019 the Supreme Court declared that the relevant amendments to the Protection of Paternity Law and the Social Insurance Law were not in line with the Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus.