Answer ... The main employment-related statutes are the following:
- the Termination of Employment Law of 1967, as amended;
- the Social Insurance Law of 1980, as amended;
- the Annual Paid Leave Law of 1967, as amended;
- the Protection of Maternity Law of 1997;
- the Minimum Salaries Law, as amended;
- the Equal Treatment at Work and Employment Law of 2004, as amended;
- the Health and Safety at Work Law of 1996, as amended;
- Law 100(I)/2000, providing for an employer’s obligation to inform employees about the conditions applicable to their contract or employment relationship; and
- the Collective Redundancies Law of 2001.
Furthermore, the Constitution guarantees certain fundamental rights relating to employment, such as the right to work, to strike and to equal treatment. International treaties that have been ratified by Cyprus regarding employment issues are also applicable. EU regulations and directives regarding employment and labour issues are also applicable in Cyprus since it acceded to the European Union in 2004.
Answer ... In addition to the statutes outlined in question 1.1, employment relationships in the private sector are governed by the terms of the employment contract.
Answer ... Employers are obliged by statute (Law 100(I)/2000, providing for an employer’s obligation to inform employees about the conditions applicable to their contract or employment relationship) to provide employees with specific information about their terms of employment within one month of commencement of employment.
This information may be given in any of the following ways:
- a contract of employment;
- a letter of appointment; or
- any other document signed by the employer which contains at least all the information detailed below.
The information given by the employer must include at least the following:
- the identity of the parties;
- the place of work and the registered address of the business or the home address of the employer;
- the position or specialisation of the employee, his or her grade, the nature of his or her duties and the object of his or her employment;
- the date of commencement of the contract or the employment relationship and its anticipated duration if this is for a fixed time;
- notice periods;
- the duration of any annual leave to which the employee is entitled, as well as the manner in which and time at which it may be taken;
- the time limits which must be observed by the employer and the employee in the event of termination of the employment, either by consent or unilaterally;
- all types of emoluments to which the employee may be entitled and the schedule for their payment;
- the usual duration of the employee’s daily or weekly employment; and
- details of any collective agreements that govern the terms and conditions of employment.