Answer ... Part IV of the Civil Code, valid from 1 January 2008 (as amended by Federal Law 35-FZ of 12 March 2014) covers all issues relating to intellectual property. Chapter 72 of the Civil Code is particularly relevant to patent law.
Answer ... The right to obtain a patent for an invention originally belongs to the inventor. This right may be transferred by virtue of law, including by universal succession, or by contract, including an employment contract.