Answer ... Awards are enforced in Nigeria. Awards in domestic arbitration can be enforced by the court under procedures provided under both the Arbitration and Conciliation Act (ACA) and the Lagos Arbitration Law, and shall be recognised as binding upon application in writing to the court (Section 31 of the ACA and Section 56 of the Arbitration Law). Under the Lagos Arbitration Law, no distinction is made between domestic and foreign awards.
The ACA incorporates the New York Convention in its Second Schedule. Under Section 54(1), awards from contracting states may be enforced in Nigeria, provided that:
- such contracting state has reciprocal legislation recognising the enforcement of arbitral awards made in Nigeria in accordance with the provisions of the convention; and
- the award concerns a dispute arising out of a contractual relationship.
The party wishing to enforce the award must supply the following:
- a duly authenticated original award or a duly certified copy thereof;
- the original arbitration agreement or a duly certified copy thereof; and
- where the award or arbitration agreement was not made in the English language, a duly certified translation thereof into the English language.