On January 8, 2020, OFAC sanctioned the First Vice President of South Sudan, Taban Deng Gai (Deng), for his involvement in serious human rights abuse, including the disappearance and deaths of civilians. This action was taken pursuant to EO 13818, which implements the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act and targets perpetrators of serious human rights abuse and corruption.

Although US gun and ammunition manufacturers will have an increased capacity to reach a larger customer base without as many restrictions on the export of their products, the revisions do not do away with export controls for the transferred items. Indeed, the rule creates 17 new export control classification numbers (EECNs) under the CCL to control the items moved from the USML. Additionally, certain Category II items will become part of the "600 series" of the CCL. Those 600-series ECCNs generally require licenses for exports or reexports, except to Canada or, if operating under license exception, any of the countries party to the Strategic Trade Authorization.

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