As a company within the Middle East, there are many seemingly insurmountable risks, such as financing, asset transfers or high-risk opportunities, which risks previously held no viable risk mitigation alternatives. However, the ADGM now supplies a competitive entity for which mitigates such risks. The risks as abovementioned could include, for example, should a company wish to engage in a project that is considered to be high-risk – such as the purchasing of an aircraft – such company may utilize the creation of an SPV to isolate this project risk from the parent company. In what follows will be a comprehensive breakdown of the many advantages of SPV's as well as their practicality and ease of company formation in ADGM.
At the outset, it is pertinent to thoroughly examine what an SPV is and why a company would utilize such an entity. An SPV is a legal establishment which is formed to fulfil a limited, specific or temporary purpose. They are entities distinctively used by companies to isolate the parent company from a particular financial unpredictability. The official definition of an SPV is "a fenced organisation having limited predefined purposes and a legal personality."
The ADGM has stepped into the forefront in respect of their SPV regime, offering a dynamic and extensive scheme which caters to numerous industry sectors and a range of uses.
In the below table is a depiction of the typical uses of SPVs
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