Ecuador: Instructivo Sociedades De Interés Público

Last Updated: 4 April 2018
Article by Almeida Guzman & Asociados

El Registro Oficial No. 171 del 30 de enero de 2018 publica la Resolución de Superintendencia de Compañías, Valores y Seguros No. SCVS-DSC-2018-0001, por la cual se emite el INSTRUCTIVO SOBRE SOCIEDADES DE INTERÉS PÚBLICO. A continuación resumimos su contenido.

Art. 1.- Sociedades de interés público.- A efectos de lo dispuesto en el Art. 433-A de la Ley de Compañías, se consideran sociedad de interés público a las siguientes compañías sujetas al control y vigilancia de la Superintendencia:

  1. Las emisoras de valores inscritas en el Catastro Público de Mercado de Valores.
  2. Las casas de valores, depósitos centralizados de compensación y liquidación de valores y sociedades administradoras de fondos de inversión y fideicomisos.
  3. Las de seguros, reaseguros, intermediaras de reaseguros, peritos de seguros y agencias asesoras productoras de seguros.
  4. Las que financien servicios de atención integral de salud pre-pagada.
  5. Las que provean servicios de asistencia a asegurados o tarjetahabientes.
  6. Las calificadoras de riesgo y auditoras externas.
  7. Las dedicadas a las actividades corrientes y especializadas de construcción de todo tipo de edificios y obras generales de construcción para proyectos de ingeniería civil.
  8. Las que realicen actividades de agencia y corretaje inmobiliarios, y de intermediación en la compra, venta y alquiler de bienes inmuebles.
  9. Las dedicadas a las actividades de agencias de viaje, como a la venta de servicios de viajes (tours), de viajes organizados, de transporte y alojamiento, al público en general y a clientes comerciales; y de operadores turísticos, como la planificación y organización de paquetes de servicios de viajes para su venta a través de agencias de viajes o por los propios operadores turísticos; si la compañía obtuviere dinero de terceros a base de planes, promesas u ofertas de venta del servicio.
  10. Las que se dediquen a la venta de vehículos automotores nuevos y usados.
  11. Las que se dediquen a la venta de productos nuevos y usados, a excepción de los mencionados en el numeral anterior, por cuenta propia o a cambio de retribución o contrato (comisión), a usuarios minoristas, industriales, comerciales, institucionales, profesionales, o a otros mayoristas; y a la venta al público en general del mismo tipo de mercancías, para el consumo o uso personal o doméstico, realizada mediante tiendas, almacenes, puestos de venta, empresas de venta por correo, internet, a domicilio, vendedores ambulantes, si los ingresos anuales por ventas son iguales o superiores a US$ 5.000,000.
  12. Las que se dediquen a actividades de factorización por compra de cartera.

Nota de la Firma: El Art. 433-A de la Ley de Compañías dispone que la Superintendencia de determinará, en qué casos una compañía sujeta a su vigilancia y control será considerada como una sociedad de interés público. Agrega que en la misma reglamentación, la Superintendencia podrá imponer a las sociedades de interés público requisitos adicionales de información, transparencia, administración, capital y los demás que fueren necesarios para la protección del interés general.

Art. 2.- Registro de la calidad de sociedad de interés público.- Las compañías sujetas a la vigilancia y control de Superintendencia, cuyo giro ordinario de negocio se adecúe a alguno de los numerales descritos en el artículo anterior, deberán señalar por una sola ocasión en la opción que se habilitará en el sistema institucional, si tienen o no la calidad de sociedad de interés público.

Art.- 3.- Caso en que una compañía deja de ser sociedad de interés público.- En caso de que una compañía deje de tener la calidad de sociedad de interés público, deberá comunicarlo a Superintendencia a fin de que previo a la verificación de tal hecho la Dirección Nacional de Inspección, Control, Auditoría e Intervención proceda a la afectación de la base de datos.

DISPOSICIÓN GENERAL

PRIMERA.- Las compañías tienen la obligación de mantener actualizada la información respecto de la calidad de sociedad de interés público, so pena de las sanciones y medidas administrativas que correspondan.

DISPOSICIÓN TRANSITORIA

PRIMERA.- Las compañías sujetas a la vigilancia y control de esta Superintendencia deberán cumplir lo indicado en el presente instructivo en el plazo de 30 días, contado a partir de su publicación en el Registro Oficial. El incumplimiento se reflejará en el Certificado de Cumplimiento de Obligaciones (CCO) de la compañía.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

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