The Ministry of Administrative Development, Labour and Social
Affairs (the Ministry) has introduced a new system to administer
the employment relationships of expatriate workers in Qatar
following implementation of Law 21 of 2015 on the entry, exit and
residency of expatriates (the Sponsorship Law) in late 2016. The
new system involves the creation of an integrated electronic
database for expatriate workers aimed at providing employees with
access to information such as basic wages, allowances, contract
term and other key details related to their employment.
As part of establishing the new system, the Ministry requires
all employment relationships to be governed by new standard form
electronic employment contracts (e-Contracts), which can now be
generated through the Ministry's website. The entry into
e-Contracts is mandatory for new employment relationships entered
into after 13December, 2016, being the effective date of the
Sponsorship Law. Further, all public and private institutions are
required to convert their existing employment contracts into
e-Contracts within a period of three months.
The standard form e-Contract is generated through an online
portal by entering a few key details including the identity of the
contracting parties, applicable salary and allowances to be
received, and the contract term. Subsequently, a one page
e-Contract is automatically generated from the data provided,
containing standard provisions which address obligations regarding
accommodation and daily living expenses, leave entitlements and
employee entitlements to annual return tickets to their country of
The provisions of the one-page e-Contract cannot be altered or
deleted. The parties may, however, submit a supplementary document
outlining additional rights and obligations in order to further
specify the particular terms of their employment relationship,
provided that such additional provisions are compliant with the
Labour Law and prior written approval has been granted by the
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As the name implies, end of service gratuity is an amount of money that every employee is entitled to receive, and every employer is liable to pay, upon termination of an employment relationship in the UAE, provided that the employee meets the conditions set out in the Labour Law (UAE Federal Law No.8 of 1980).
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