The political document for Health and Safety at Work and its
implementation action plan (2016-2020) (the "Political
Document and Action Plan") was recently approved by Council of
Ministers. The relevant Decision is already published in the
Official Journal and shall enter into force by June 11, 2016.
The Political Document and Action Plan was drafted by the
Albanian Government under the direction of Ministry of Social
Welfare and Youth in collaboration with other ministries, state
institutions, and social partners and supported by the technical
assistance of ILO. It is made in accordance with the Albanian
Government's vision and priorities provided in the National
Strategy for Integration and Development (2015-2020), National
Strategy for Skills and Employment (2014-2020), European Union
Strategy for Health and Safety at Work (2014-2020), the Global
Strategy on Occupational Health for all of the World Health
Organization, and the Action Plan of ILO (2010-2016).
The Political Document is a modern instrument for the protection
of rights and interests of employees, and its strategic vision is
the creation of decent working conditions for more productivity and
less informality, aiming to fill the gaps of the previous action
plan leading to better results. The Action Plan is a complementary
document that provides the specific measures that will be taken in
every priority area, identifying every responsible public
institution, deadlines and every related indicator, as well as to
encourage the collaboration between the line ministries, government
agencies, employers and trade unions, but also to reduce the
business costs by using the government budget and the contributions
from other donors, of which the most important are ILO and European
In order to achieve these goals, the Political Document and
Action Plan consists in 3 main pillars determining the priorities,
strategies and the expected results:
A: Improved protection of labour force: the
strengthen of policy and legal framework of Health and Safety at
Work, drafting specific policies in accordance with European Union
standards and other international standards. Over the years many
laws have changed and have been adapted based on the European
social model standards, making possible the incorporation of the
European Union's criteria, recommendations and directives. With
the help of European project IPA, many other regulations are
drafted and are waiting to be approved by the Council of Ministers,
regulations which transpose the remaining part of the individual EU
directives related to Health and Safety at Work, such as, directive
on protection of health and safety from risks in the mining
industry, on protection of young employees, list of the
occupational diseases, the duties of the doctor of the company, the
rules, types and procedures for medical examinations, etc.
B: Decent working condition, safer and
healthier: promotion of decent working condition by consolidating
the tripartite social dialogue which will provide the preventive
measures and safer workplaces.
C: Building up an effective system and
transparent institutions for Health and Safety at Work: the
development of a transparent governance system and effective
institutions of Health and Safety at Work, based on improved
inspection services in order to achieve the decrease of hazardous
incidents, occupational diseases and violation of labour law.
An important part of the Political Document and Action Plan is
the adoption by the Albanian Government of "the sectorial
approach for the political coordination" as the main
institutional mechanism, defined as Integrated Policy Management
Groups (IPMG). IPMG will accomplish the political coordination of
the Political Document and Action Plan. Its main function is to
advise, to lead and coordinate the institutions that are included
in specific sectors, in order to develop and implement the
Sectorial National Program.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general
guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought
about your specific circumstances.
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