A far-reaching judgment was recently given by the Cape Tax Court dealing with the fiscal consequences of a taxpayer acquiring a so-called living annuity. In particular, the taxpayer invested an amount of approximately R6million into a life annuity which gave him an initial guaranteed income of approximately R42 000 per month. These amounts could be revised annually at the insistence of the taxpayer, subject to the taxpayer being limited to directing the insurer to pay amounts equal to not less than 5% and not more than 20% annually of the total value of the "investment" so made by the taxpayer. Pursuant to the entering into of the agreement, the taxpayer was taxed on the monthly amounts on the basis of these amounts constituting an annuity.
It was held that the distinction between the payment of a capital debt in instalments and annuity is not easy to identify. Amongst others it was indicated that, should one acquire an annuity, the capital sum disappears and there is no debt due by the insurer to the taxpayer in those circumstances.
Even though the court observed that the agreement bore the likeness to an annuity, it was indicated that the capital was not foregone by the taxpayer. The main characteristics of an annuity are that –
it provides for fixed payments even if it is divided into instalments;
it is repetitive;
it is chargeable against some person.
In the circumstances it was held that, all that the taxpayer did, was to agree to tie up his capital in order to receive payment and that the agreement only provided for the return of all capital plus income derived therefrom until the capital was exhausted. Accordingly it did not constitute an annuity.
The effect of this judgment (which is subject to appeal) is far-reaching. For instance, the question arises whether there may be contraventions of the Long-term Insurance Act in these type of circumstances as only annuities can be issued by insurers. In addition, if the agreement constituted a loan arrangement where the debt remained intact, the taxpayer will now be taxed on the "interest" associated with the investment irrespective of whether or not it is actually paid to the investor.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide
to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your
To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.
Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.
Have you ever been in a position where you needed to quickly confirm tax rates, filing deadlines, penalty for default, and other tax obligations? Even if you haven't, don't wait until you are stranded.
Under section 96(2) of the TAA, the Commissioner is obliged to supply the taxpayer with the grounds of the assessment so that the taxpayer can understand the basis on which the assessment has been issued.
Our tax calendar for the month of April is available for download. Ensure to keep an eye on your tax compliance obligations to avoid sanctions in view of the aggressive tax drive by governments at all levels.
The Tax Appeal Tribunal (TAT) has ruled that the payment made by an oil producing company to flare gas in the course of crude oil production is not a fine to be disallowed for tax purposes...
Some comments from our readers… “The articles are extremely timely and highly applicable” “I often find critical information not available elsewhere” “As in-house counsel, Mondaq’s service is of great value”