Joint owners of a piece or pieces of land may want, or need, to
redistribute the land among themselves and so become individual
owners of a defined portion of that land (or of a sectional title
unit) in their own names. This can be done in terms of section 26
of the Deeds Registries Act and a partition agreement.
To be able to effect a redistribution by way of a partition
agreement the joint owners must each own an undivided share of the
land they wish to partition. The agreement must apportion a defined
piece of that land to each of the joint owners and may not simply
be an agreement to redistribute their respective shares in the land
among themselves. All the owners must be parties to the
There are several circumstances in which the partitioning of
property may be appropriate or useful.
1. If X and Y are joint owners in a
property and wish to construct their own separate dwellings on the
property, they may, with the local authority's consent,
sub-divide the property and transfer each subdivision into their
own respective names. X and Y will thus own separate portions of
the property under their own title instead of joint undivided
shares in the property.
2. If X, Y and Z are joint owners in a property, a partition
agreement may be concluded whereby X will own a specific portion
and Y and Z may own the remainder of the property jointly.
3. If X and Y are joint owners of properties "P" and
"Q", a partition agreement may partition the ownership of
the two properties so that property "P" will belong
solely to X and property "Q" solely to Y. If, for
instance, property "P" is worth R2 million and property
"Q" is worth R1 million, X may make an equalisation
payment to Y for the additional value received in the
4. Joint owners of freehold property could erect buildings
comprising more than one unit, open a sectional register and by
means of a partition agreement transfer a unit to each of them
The advantage of using a partition agreement is that, unlike a
sale or exchange agreement, it does not attract transfer duty. The
only exception to this rule is in cases where an equalisation
payment, as explained above, is made. In such cases, transfer duty
is payable in respect of the value of the equalisation payment.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general
guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought
about your specific circumstances.
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In principle, when the parties agree to arbitrate, they shall be
bound by that agreement. It should therefore follow that when a
party initiates arbitration proceedings, the other party - the
respondent – will avail itself of the opportunity to present
its case and participate in the proceedings.
A common scenario: the Employer is not
happy with the Contractor’s performance,
whether because of failure to perform the
works in the manner provided for in the
Contract or because of some other breach
of the Contract.
In recent years the construction sector has seen a return to growth in the Middle East and this has led to renewed interest in the licensing regime in the region for contractors and consultants/engineers.
Subcontracting is common in the modern
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