On 1 June 2010 Ukrainian Parliament has finally adopted the Law
On Personal Data Protection (the
"Law"). The Law will become
effective from the 1st of January 2011.
The Law offers protection of personal data collected,
accumulated, processed and used for other than private and/or
certain professional needs.
The Law expressly exempts from its ambit the instances of the
creation of the personal data databases and processing of the
personal data in such databases by (i) individuals for their
personal or household needs; (ii) journalists in connection with
their professional activities; and (iii) professional artists,
writers and similar persons for purposes of their creative
The Law introduces a definition of personal data as any data or
combination thereof on the identified or identifiable
Any personal data (except for the depersonalized one) is deemed
to be the information with restricted access and may not be
processed without the consent of the individual concerned except
for the cases (i) when it is explicitly provided for by law, and
(ii) where the data is necessary for the purposes of maintaining
national security, economic welfare and for the protection of human
Furthermore, any personal data on the individual who is willing
to occupy any public office within the system of the national
government is not deemed the information with restricted
In addition, the Law prohibits disseminating personal data for
any purpose other than for purpose of the original collection of
Significantly, it is explicitly prohibited to process personal
data related to the racial or ethnic origin, political, religious
or philosophical beliefs, political-party or trade-union
membership, as well as processing of data concerning health or sex
life, unless carried out pursuant to the unambiguous consent of the
data subject or in other cases explicitly provided for by the
The Law further sets out mandatory requirement to register any
personal data database in the State Register of the Personal Data
Databases. For that reason, a separate state authority is yet to be
created by the government.
Law: Law of Ukraine on Personal Data Protection, dated 1
June 2010, No. 2297-VI.
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The Turkish Constitutional Court recently decided that the right to privacy can be violated on the Internet. The court's decision numbered 2014/16701 was delivered on October 13, 2016 and concerned a military officer's dismissal from the Turkish Armed Forces.
The CJEU (the European Union Court of Justice) has handed down a decision which makes clear that general and indiscriminate retention of electronic communications is unlawful.
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