United States: Monty Python Dead Parrot? Risk Retention And The Third Party Purchaser

Last Updated: July 27 2017
Article by Richard D. Jones

John Cleese, one of the great classic philosophers of the mid-twentieth century, made that inauspicious (from the perspective of the Shop Keeper) observation, "This parrot is dead!"  To which Michael Palin responded that it was merely resting.  (It's better in drag and with the East Ender accent, but you get the idea.)

The Parrot skit [I wish I could link you to YouTube here, it is really very funny, but the damn lawyers here won't let me.] came to mind recently as I attempted to negotiate yet another Third Party Purchaser (TPP) Agreement in risk retention land.  As everyone knows and is heartily sick of hearing, all securitization transactions now require the sponsor, or in commercial real estate deals, a third party purchaser, to hold risk retention securities in accordance with the breathtakingly vacuous Risk Retention Rule.  At Dechert, we did one of the pre-effective date pretend risk retention deals and, our TPP agreement was a weighty six pages long.  Since the Rule became real, TPP agreements have metastasized into much longer, more complex documents raising numerous dauntingly trying questions.

I have begun to wonder whether the risk retention TPP agreement is already near its death bed just some brief months following its birth.

The TPP construct struggles to bridge the anxieties of a securitization's sponsor which remains liable for breach of the Risk Retention Rule, even though it has placed the risk retention securities with a TPP; on the other hand, with the disinclination of the TPP to devote capital, assume significant indemnification liabilities and assume intrusive contractual undertakings for a relatively small investment.

Making matters worse, the Rule is woefully inadequate as a guide book for compliance with massive white space, periodically interrupted by Delphically obscure bubbles of facial clarity.  Unclear rules and potentially existential liability and not the stuff of a deal easily made.

Of course, we've known all this since the final Rule was promulgated when the government apparently got tired of talking with industry about all this complexity and just excreted a final rule without any closure with industry experts around its meaning, function or utility.  Now as we actually apply it to real deals the old military adage comes to mind, "Battle plans rarely survive contact with the enemy."

Examples of dysfunction in the Rule are simply too numerous to recount, but for example, what the hell does "full recourse" mean?  Did anyone notice the weirdness of getting to an L-shaped structure by adding 5% of vertical OPB and 5% of horizontal fair value?  Apples and oranges anyone?  Are there real issues around internal or external management for the TPP when it exercises credit judgment over purchasing a risk retention security?  Does the two pari passu TPP limitation impact the organizational structure of fund or investment vehicles with multiple owners?  Can a TPP hold disparate portions of the risk retention securities in difference MOAs?  What happens if those MOAs have different minority owners?  Does the provision that limits TPP financing from deal parties include every single, nominal party to the transaction?  Does it include borrowers?  Does the prohibition upon affiliation with deal parties really apply after the initial credit decision is made and continue for the life of the transaction?  What happens if affiliation is created when a deal party buys an equity stake in the TPP?  How about deal parties themselves engage in an organic M&A transaction?  There's plenty more.

Staring into the abyss of risk retention chaos, we beaver away endeavoring to create certainty where no certainty exists.  For sponsors, the line between what's ok and what's not ok is obscured at best.  So, what does one do?  Push out the guardrails beyond the risk retention event horizon where liability clearly lives, right?  Wide guardrails; good for sponsors, not so good for the proposed TPP investor who sees enhanced obligations, reporting, capital at risk and liabilities.

Like one of those Venn diagrams in sixth grade math, the circle representing sponsor needs and the circle representing buyer tolerance are diverging and they may get to the point where they do not intersect at all.  It's clear that as sponsors press for more certainty, fewer potential TPP dollars are going to find the investment worth the candle.

Now, not to overstate this, there are TPP dollars that will continue to find these trades attractive and of course one should never forget the ameliorative impact on perceived risk of added yield, but for an industry that needs an industrializable scale for a risk retention solution, this is problematic.  With limited money available for risk retention in the TPP universe to start with, the El Dorado-like search for certainty by deal parties will only diminish the supply.

If we are left with only sponsor-held solutions, is that enough?  Are there enough banks willing to hold verticals?  Do they have enough capital they are willing to devote to this business?  Are there enough non-bank sponsors willing and able to take up the slack and will the investors respond well to those structures?  The lack of risk retention capital and perhaps even the need to increase the price of risk retention capital will become another headwind for an industry that is already staring at marginalization.

So is the parrot dead, or just resting?  As the shopkeeper averred, "Remarkable bird, the Norwegian Blue...e's stunned!"

Is the business model stunned?  Maybe we'll get a fix either from our august elected representatives, or from the regulators who could certainly, even without actually changing the Rule, be enormously helpful by providing just some clarity through FAQs or the like on many of the unknowns in the Rule.  Maybe I'm just being overly pessimistic and maybe there's enough yield on the table or enough risk appetite to square the circle, but heads up, this is a real problem.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Authors
 
In association with
Up-coming Events Search
Tools
Print
Font Size:
Translation
Channels
Mondaq on Twitter
 
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
 
Email Address
Company Name
Password
Confirm Password
Position
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Accounting
 Anti-trust
 Commercial
 Compliance
 Consumer
 Criminal
 Employment
 Energy
 Environment
 Family
 Finance
 Government
 Healthcare
 Immigration
 Insolvency
 Insurance
 International
 IP
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Litigation
 Media & IT
 Privacy
 Real Estate
 Strategy
 Tax
 Technology
 Transport
 Wealth Mgt
Regions
Africa
Asia
Asia Pacific
Australasia
Canada
Caribbean
Europe
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
U.K.
United States
Worldwide Updates
Check to state you have read and
agree to our Terms and Conditions

Terms & Conditions and Privacy Statement

Mondaq.com (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd and as a user you are granted a non-exclusive, revocable license to access the Website under its terms and conditions of use. Your use of the Website constitutes your agreement to the following terms and conditions of use. Mondaq Ltd may terminate your use of the Website if you are in breach of these terms and conditions or if Mondaq Ltd decides to terminate your license of use for whatever reason.

Use of www.mondaq.com

You may use the Website but are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the content and articles available (the Content). You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these terms & conditions or with the prior written consent of Mondaq Ltd. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information about Mondaq.com’s content, users or contributors in order to offer them any services or products which compete directly or indirectly with Mondaq Ltd’s services and products.

Disclaimer

Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the documents and related graphics published on this server for any purpose. All such documents and related graphics are provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers hereby disclaim all warranties and conditions with regard to this information, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. In no event shall Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information available from this server.

The documents and related graphics published on this server could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically added to the information herein. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described herein at any time.

Registration

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including what sort of information you are interested in, for three primary purposes:

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, newsletter alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our information providers who provide information free for your use.

Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) do not sell or provide your details to third parties other than information providers. The reason we provide our information providers with this information is so that they can measure the response their articles are receiving and provide you with information about their products and services.

If you do not want us to provide your name and email address you may opt out by clicking here .

If you do not wish to receive any future announcements of products and services offered by Mondaq by clicking here .

Information Collection and Use

We require site users to register with Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to view the free information on the site. We also collect information from our users at several different points on the websites: this is so that we can customise the sites according to individual usage, provide 'session-aware' functionality, and ensure that content is acquired and developed appropriately. This gives us an overall picture of our user profiles, which in turn shows to our Editorial Contributors the type of person they are reaching by posting articles on Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) – meaning more free content for registered users.

We are only able to provide the material on the Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) site free to site visitors because we can pass on information about the pages that users are viewing and the personal information users provide to us (e.g. email addresses) to reputable contributing firms such as law firms who author those pages. We do not sell or rent information to anyone else other than the authors of those pages, who may change from time to time. Should you wish us not to disclose your details to any of these parties, please tick the box above or tick the box marked "Opt out of Registration Information Disclosure" on the Your Profile page. We and our author organisations may only contact you via email or other means if you allow us to do so. Users can opt out of contact when they register on the site, or send an email to unsubscribe@mondaq.com with “no disclosure” in the subject heading

Mondaq News Alerts

In order to receive Mondaq News Alerts, users have to complete a separate registration form. This is a personalised service where users choose regions and topics of interest and we send it only to those users who have requested it. Users can stop receiving these Alerts by going to the Mondaq News Alerts page and deselecting all interest areas. In the same way users can amend their personal preferences to add or remove subject areas.

Cookies

A cookie is a small text file written to a user’s hard drive that contains an identifying user number. The cookies do not contain any personal information about users. We use the cookie so users do not have to log in every time they use the service and the cookie will automatically expire if you do not visit the Mondaq website (or its affiliate sites) for 12 months. We also use the cookie to personalise a user's experience of the site (for example to show information specific to a user's region). As the Mondaq sites are fully personalised and cookies are essential to its core technology the site will function unpredictably with browsers that do not support cookies - or where cookies are disabled (in these circumstances we advise you to attempt to locate the information you require elsewhere on the web). However if you are concerned about the presence of a Mondaq cookie on your machine you can also choose to expire the cookie immediately (remove it) by selecting the 'Log Off' menu option as the last thing you do when you use the site.

Some of our business partners may use cookies on our site (for example, advertisers). However, we have no access to or control over these cookies and we are not aware of any at present that do so.

Log Files

We use IP addresses to analyse trends, administer the site, track movement, and gather broad demographic information for aggregate use. IP addresses are not linked to personally identifiable information.

Links

This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that Mondaq (or its affiliate sites) are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of these third party sites. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this Web site.

Surveys & Contests

From time-to-time our site requests information from users via surveys or contests. Participation in these surveys or contests is completely voluntary and the user therefore has a choice whether or not to disclose any information requested. Information requested may include contact information (such as name and delivery address), and demographic information (such as postcode, age level). Contact information will be used to notify the winners and award prizes. Survey information will be used for purposes of monitoring or improving the functionality of the site.

Mail-A-Friend

If a user elects to use our referral service for informing a friend about our site, we ask them for the friend’s name and email address. Mondaq stores this information and may contact the friend to invite them to register with Mondaq, but they will not be contacted more than once. The friend may contact Mondaq to request the removal of this information from our database.

Security

This website takes every reasonable precaution to protect our users’ information. When users submit sensitive information via the website, your information is protected using firewalls and other security technology. If you have any questions about the security at our website, you can send an email to webmaster@mondaq.com.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user’s personally identifiable information changes (such as postcode), or if a user no longer desires our service, we will endeavour to provide a way to correct, update or remove that user’s personal data provided to us. This can usually be done at the “Your Profile” page or by sending an email to EditorialAdvisor@mondaq.com.

Notification of Changes

If we decide to change our Terms & Conditions or Privacy Policy, we will post those changes on our site so our users are always aware of what information we collect, how we use it, and under what circumstances, if any, we disclose it. If at any point we decide to use personally identifiable information in a manner different from that stated at the time it was collected, we will notify users by way of an email. Users will have a choice as to whether or not we use their information in this different manner. We will use information in accordance with the privacy policy under which the information was collected.

How to contact Mondaq

You can contact us with comments or queries at enquiries@mondaq.com.

If for some reason you believe Mondaq Ltd. has not adhered to these principles, please notify us by e-mail at problems@mondaq.com and we will use commercially reasonable efforts to determine and correct the problem promptly.