United States: Lawmakers Push for Tax Legislation Before August Recess

Last Updated: July 13 2016
Article by Kevin Boeving, CPA

As Congress' August recess nears, lawmakers are pushing tax legislation for individuals and businesses. Bills targeted for tax reform, small business tax relief and more have been introduced and are working their way to votes in the House and Senate. Congress is also grappling with the IRS's budget for fiscal year (FY) 2017.

Tax Reform

Just before recessing for the Independence Day holiday, House Republicans unveiled a tax reform blueprint. Since January, the House Ways and Means Committee has been exploring different approaches to tax reform. House Ways and Means Chair Kevin Brady, R-Texas, outlined six principles for tax reform:

  1. The tax code must be simpler, fairer and flatter;
  2. Loopholes must be closed and special interest provisions eliminated for lower rates for everyone;
  3. Businesses of all sizes must have a fair and competitive tax rate;
  4. The current world-wide tax system must be replaced with a permanent, modern, territorial-type system;
  5. Reform should be bold, ambitious and pro-growth; and,
  6. A 21st century tax system should not raise taxes to bail out Washington's spending problem.

The GOP blueprint would consolidate the individual tax rates into three brackets (12, 25 and 33 percent). Additionally, the blueprint would repeal the alternative minimum tax (AMT). The blueprint also calls for a simplified return for individuals.

For businesses, the blueprint would lower the top corporate tax rate to 20 percent. The blueprint would also create a new 25 percent business tax rate for small businesses organized as sole proprietorships or pass-through entities. Tax rates on capital gains and dividends also would be reduced.

House Republicans said they will spend the remainder of 2016 developing the blueprint into legislative proposals. While Republicans likely have enough votes to pass the proposals in the House, they lack the 60 votes needed to pass tax legislation in the Senate. Congress will also be on recess during most of August. Democratic lawmakers in both the House and Senate have been cool to the GOP's tax reform proposals.

Small Businesses

Many small businesses have traditionally provided health benefits to their employees through a health reimbursement arrangement (HRA). Following passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the IRS determined that these should be treated as employer payment plans subject to market reforms under the Affordable Care Act (ACA). Failure to comply with the ACA's market reforms triggers excise taxes. The IRS provided transition relief (Notice 2015-17) from the penalties, but the relief has expired.

In June, the House approved the Small Business Health Care Relief Act, (HR 5447), intended to provide permanent relief for small employers. Under the legislation, small employers (employers with fewer than 50-full-time and full-time equivalent employees) would be able to have stand-alone HRAs and reimburse expenses without violating the ACA's market reforms. A similar bill has been introduced in the Senate, which could take up the bill before July 4.

Energy Tax Policy

Both leaders of the Senate Finance Committee (Orrin Hatch, R-Utah and Ron Wyden, D-Oregon) have taken an interest in simplifying energy tax incentives. The Senate Finance Committee held a hearing in June to examine the role taxation plays in energy policy. Wyden reiterated his proposal to consolidate the more than 40 separate energy tax credits and deductions into as few as three. The incentives, Wyden explained, would be built around three goals: energy, cleaner transportation and energy efficiency. Wyden also noted that many of the energy incentives extended by the Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes Act of 2015 (PATH Act) were only extended temporarily.

In related energy news, the House approved in June a resolution signaling opposition to President Obama's proposal to impose a $10 fee on every barrel of oil produced. The House also passed a resolution opposing the White House's proposed carbon tax to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Individuals

The ACA made a significant change to the individual deduction for medical expenses. After December 31, 2012, the threshold to claim an itemized deduction for unreimbursed medical expenses increased from 7.5 percent of adjusted gross income (AGI) to 10 percent of AGI for regular income tax purposes. The ACA did carve out a temporary exception for senior citizens. In June, the House Ways and Means Committee approved legislation to resurrect the pre-ACA rules. The Halt Tax Increases on the Middle Class and Seniors Act (HR 3590) would replace the current 10 percent threshold with the old 7.5 percent threshold for all taxpayers.

IRS Budget

The IRS's current fiscal year is scheduled to end after September 30, 2016. In June, House appropriators unveiled a $10.9 billion budget for the agency for FY 2017. The bill cuts overall funding for the IRS but includes an additional $290 million to improve customer service, fraud prevention and cybersecurity. Senate appropriators, meanwhile, have proposed to fund the IRS at $11.2 billion for FY 2017.

If you have any questions about these or other proposals, please contact your tax advisor or Kevin Boeving, Principal, Tax Services, at 314.524.5225 or kboeving@bswllc.com.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Authors
Kevin Boeving, CPA
 
In association with
Related Video
Up-coming Events Search
Tools
Print
Font Size:
Translation
Channels
Mondaq on Twitter
 
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
 
Email Address
Company Name
Password
Confirm Password
Position
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Accounting
 Anti-trust
 Commercial
 Compliance
 Consumer
 Criminal
 Employment
 Energy
 Environment
 Family
 Finance
 Government
 Healthcare
 Immigration
 Insolvency
 Insurance
 International
 IP
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Litigation
 Media & IT
 Privacy
 Real Estate
 Strategy
 Tax
 Technology
 Transport
 Wealth Mgt
Regions
Africa
Asia
Asia Pacific
Australasia
Canada
Caribbean
Europe
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
U.K.
United States
Worldwide Updates
Check to state you have read and
agree to our Terms and Conditions

Terms & Conditions and Privacy Statement

Mondaq.com (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd and as a user you are granted a non-exclusive, revocable license to access the Website under its terms and conditions of use. Your use of the Website constitutes your agreement to the following terms and conditions of use. Mondaq Ltd may terminate your use of the Website if you are in breach of these terms and conditions or if Mondaq Ltd decides to terminate your license of use for whatever reason.

Use of www.mondaq.com

You may use the Website but are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the content and articles available (the Content). You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these terms & conditions or with the prior written consent of Mondaq Ltd. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information about Mondaq.com’s content, users or contributors in order to offer them any services or products which compete directly or indirectly with Mondaq Ltd’s services and products.

Disclaimer

Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the documents and related graphics published on this server for any purpose. All such documents and related graphics are provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers hereby disclaim all warranties and conditions with regard to this information, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. In no event shall Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information available from this server.

The documents and related graphics published on this server could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically added to the information herein. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described herein at any time.

Registration

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including what sort of information you are interested in, for three primary purposes:

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, newsletter alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our information providers who provide information free for your use.

Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) do not sell or provide your details to third parties other than information providers. The reason we provide our information providers with this information is so that they can measure the response their articles are receiving and provide you with information about their products and services.

If you do not want us to provide your name and email address you may opt out by clicking here .

If you do not wish to receive any future announcements of products and services offered by Mondaq by clicking here .

Information Collection and Use

We require site users to register with Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to view the free information on the site. We also collect information from our users at several different points on the websites: this is so that we can customise the sites according to individual usage, provide 'session-aware' functionality, and ensure that content is acquired and developed appropriately. This gives us an overall picture of our user profiles, which in turn shows to our Editorial Contributors the type of person they are reaching by posting articles on Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) – meaning more free content for registered users.

We are only able to provide the material on the Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) site free to site visitors because we can pass on information about the pages that users are viewing and the personal information users provide to us (e.g. email addresses) to reputable contributing firms such as law firms who author those pages. We do not sell or rent information to anyone else other than the authors of those pages, who may change from time to time. Should you wish us not to disclose your details to any of these parties, please tick the box above or tick the box marked "Opt out of Registration Information Disclosure" on the Your Profile page. We and our author organisations may only contact you via email or other means if you allow us to do so. Users can opt out of contact when they register on the site, or send an email to unsubscribe@mondaq.com with “no disclosure” in the subject heading

Mondaq News Alerts

In order to receive Mondaq News Alerts, users have to complete a separate registration form. This is a personalised service where users choose regions and topics of interest and we send it only to those users who have requested it. Users can stop receiving these Alerts by going to the Mondaq News Alerts page and deselecting all interest areas. In the same way users can amend their personal preferences to add or remove subject areas.

Cookies

A cookie is a small text file written to a user’s hard drive that contains an identifying user number. The cookies do not contain any personal information about users. We use the cookie so users do not have to log in every time they use the service and the cookie will automatically expire if you do not visit the Mondaq website (or its affiliate sites) for 12 months. We also use the cookie to personalise a user's experience of the site (for example to show information specific to a user's region). As the Mondaq sites are fully personalised and cookies are essential to its core technology the site will function unpredictably with browsers that do not support cookies - or where cookies are disabled (in these circumstances we advise you to attempt to locate the information you require elsewhere on the web). However if you are concerned about the presence of a Mondaq cookie on your machine you can also choose to expire the cookie immediately (remove it) by selecting the 'Log Off' menu option as the last thing you do when you use the site.

Some of our business partners may use cookies on our site (for example, advertisers). However, we have no access to or control over these cookies and we are not aware of any at present that do so.

Log Files

We use IP addresses to analyse trends, administer the site, track movement, and gather broad demographic information for aggregate use. IP addresses are not linked to personally identifiable information.

Links

This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that Mondaq (or its affiliate sites) are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of these third party sites. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this Web site.

Surveys & Contests

From time-to-time our site requests information from users via surveys or contests. Participation in these surveys or contests is completely voluntary and the user therefore has a choice whether or not to disclose any information requested. Information requested may include contact information (such as name and delivery address), and demographic information (such as postcode, age level). Contact information will be used to notify the winners and award prizes. Survey information will be used for purposes of monitoring or improving the functionality of the site.

Mail-A-Friend

If a user elects to use our referral service for informing a friend about our site, we ask them for the friend’s name and email address. Mondaq stores this information and may contact the friend to invite them to register with Mondaq, but they will not be contacted more than once. The friend may contact Mondaq to request the removal of this information from our database.

Security

This website takes every reasonable precaution to protect our users’ information. When users submit sensitive information via the website, your information is protected using firewalls and other security technology. If you have any questions about the security at our website, you can send an email to webmaster@mondaq.com.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user’s personally identifiable information changes (such as postcode), or if a user no longer desires our service, we will endeavour to provide a way to correct, update or remove that user’s personal data provided to us. This can usually be done at the “Your Profile” page or by sending an email to EditorialAdvisor@mondaq.com.

Notification of Changes

If we decide to change our Terms & Conditions or Privacy Policy, we will post those changes on our site so our users are always aware of what information we collect, how we use it, and under what circumstances, if any, we disclose it. If at any point we decide to use personally identifiable information in a manner different from that stated at the time it was collected, we will notify users by way of an email. Users will have a choice as to whether or not we use their information in this different manner. We will use information in accordance with the privacy policy under which the information was collected.

How to contact Mondaq

You can contact us with comments or queries at enquiries@mondaq.com.

If for some reason you believe Mondaq Ltd. has not adhered to these principles, please notify us by e-mail at problems@mondaq.com and we will use commercially reasonable efforts to determine and correct the problem promptly.