United States: A Compilation Of Enforcement And Non-Enforcement Actions - 27 February 2015

NON-ENFORCEMENT

2015 Legislative Agenda Includes Dodd-Frank Revisit and Cybersecurity

According to the new chairman of the U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer Protection, Representative Randy Neugebauer, the three main priorities of the House Subcommittee in 2015 will be revisiting the Dodd-Frank regulations that have been put into effect since that Act's passage in 2010, improving upon cybersecurity protection systems in place by financial institutions, and possibly introducing "creative" solutions for enhanced consumer protection.

The Subcommittee's jurisdiction includes financial regulations and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. The Subcommittee also covers consumer and institutional issues such as cybersecurity. Almost all of these issues come under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act.

Based upon the Subcommittee Chairman's recent remarks, he believes that although most of the Dodd-Frank's provisions were targeted towards Wall Street institutions, it appears that a lot of the regulations imposed under that Act have had more effect on "main street" investors. Those regulations, according to the Chairman must be reviewed to determine if they need to be refocused.

As to cybersecurity, the Chairman is interested in reviewing the overall structure put in place by the financial services industry to determine if everyone in the cybersecurity process is "doing everything they are supposed to be doing" in order to keep that data secure.

Apparently, the new Chairman sees the role of his Subcommittee is to bring the important players to the table such as banks, merchants, and credit card companies to determine what steps are being taken by the private sector and what still needs to be accomplished to maintain data security. The new Chair does not believe that it is necessary for Congress to create new laws or regulations if the private sector can achieve the Dodd-Frank goals through their compliance with existing regulations.

ENFORCEMENT

SEC Enforcement Action Underscores Importance of Custody Rule Compliance

A SEC registered investment adviser to several registered mutual funds was the subject of a recent SEC enforcement action for violations of custody requirements under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (See also, In the Matter of Water Island Capital LLC, Release No. 31455). Investment companies that publicly offer their shares are registered as investment companies under the Investment Company Act of 1940.

In this enforcement action, the investment adviser to the registered funds, maintained fund assets (about $247 million) at the funds' broker-dealer counterparties instead of maintaining those assets as required with the funds' qualified bank. The Investment Company Act generally requires that registered fund assets be maintained with a qualified custodian such as a bank, including the cash proceeds from the sale of those assets. Indeed, the adviser's compliance policies and procedures in place at the time required that fund assets and sale proceeds be maintained in the custody of a qualified bank. However, according to the SEC, for at least the period during January to September 2012, the adviser allowed fund broker-dealer counterparties instead of the bank to hold fund assets of approximately $247 million in cash collateral.

This failure by the adviser caused violations of the custody and supervision rules under the Investment Company Act.

In order to settle the SEC's enforcement matter, the adviser agreed to the issuance by the SEC of a cease and desist order and to payment of a civil penalty in the amount of $50,000.

Joint SEC/State Enforcement Action Against New York Hedge Fund Manager for Stealing Funds From Investors

In a joint enforcement action, the office of the New York State Attorney General and the SEC's New York Regional Office recently took enforcement action (see also SEC v. Malik, S.D.N.Y. , No. 1:15-cv-01025, 2/13/2015) against a New York-based hedge fund manager for allegations of securities fraud, grand larceny, and forgery. The lawsuit was filed by the SEC in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York and on the same day, the hedge fund manager was indicted in New York. The manager has entered a plea of not guilty to the criminal charges.

According to the SEC's complaint, the hedge fund manager raised about $840,000 from investors into a hedge fund that never made any investments and never had more than $90,000 in assets. The manager allegedly enticed persons to invest by stating that the fund had $100 million in assets and delivered "consistently high returns." The SEC's complaint alleges that in spite of the manager's statements to investors, almost all of the investors' investments were used to maintain the manager's personal lifestyle. As investors sought to redeem their investments, the manager delayed such requests and even created a message to some investors that the manager had died as an excuse for delaying or refusing to redeem investors interests in the fund.

The violations alleged to have occurred by the SEC are under the "anti-fraud" provisions under the Securities Act of 1933, the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the Investment Advisers Act of 1940. The SEC, in its civil action, is seeking an asset freeze, disgorgement, and prejudgment interest and penalties.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Authors
 
In association with
Related Topics
 
Related Articles
 
Related Video
Up-coming Events Search
Tools
Print
Font Size:
Translation
Channels
Mondaq on Twitter
 
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
 
Email Address
Company Name
Password
Confirm Password
Position
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Accounting
 Anti-trust
 Commercial
 Compliance
 Consumer
 Criminal
 Employment
 Energy
 Environment
 Family
 Finance
 Government
 Healthcare
 Immigration
 Insolvency
 Insurance
 International
 IP
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Litigation
 Media & IT
 Privacy
 Real Estate
 Strategy
 Tax
 Technology
 Transport
 Wealth Mgt
Regions
Africa
Asia
Asia Pacific
Australasia
Canada
Caribbean
Europe
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
U.K.
United States
Worldwide Updates
Registration (you must scroll down to set your data preferences)

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including your content preferences, for three primary purposes (full details of Mondaq’s use of your personal data can be found in our Privacy and Cookies Notice):

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting to show content ("Content") relevant to your interests.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, news alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our content providers ("Contributors") who contribute Content for free for your use.

Mondaq hopes that our registered users will support us in maintaining our free to view business model by consenting to our use of your personal data as described below.

Mondaq has a "free to view" business model. Our services are paid for by Contributors in exchange for Mondaq providing them with access to information about who accesses their content. Once personal data is transferred to our Contributors they become a data controller of this personal data. They use it to measure the response that their articles are receiving, as a form of market research. They may also use it to provide Mondaq users with information about their products and services.

Details of each Contributor to which your personal data will be transferred is clearly stated within the Content that you access. For full details of how this Contributor will use your personal data, you should review the Contributor’s own Privacy Notice.

Please indicate your preference below:

Yes, I am happy to support Mondaq in maintaining its free to view business model by agreeing to allow Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors whose Content I access
No, I do not want Mondaq to share my personal data with Contributors

Also please let us know whether you are happy to receive communications promoting products and services offered by Mondaq:

Yes, I am happy to received promotional communications from Mondaq
No, please do not send me promotional communications from Mondaq
Terms & Conditions

Mondaq.com (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd (Mondaq). Mondaq grants you a non-exclusive, revocable licence to access the Website and associated services, such as the Mondaq News Alerts (Services), subject to and in consideration of your compliance with the following terms and conditions of use (Terms). Your use of the Website and/or Services constitutes your agreement to the Terms. Mondaq may terminate your use of the Website and Services if you are in breach of these Terms or if Mondaq decides to terminate the licence granted hereunder for any reason whatsoever.

Use of www.mondaq.com

To Use Mondaq.com you must be: eighteen (18) years old or over; legally capable of entering into binding contracts; and not in any way prohibited by the applicable law to enter into these Terms in the jurisdiction which you are currently located.

You may use the Website as an unregistered user, however, you are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the Content or to receive the Services.

You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these Terms or with the prior written consent of Mondaq. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information from the Content. Nor shall you extract information about users or Contributors in order to offer them any services or products.

In your use of the Website and/or Services you shall: comply with all applicable laws, regulations, directives and legislations which apply to your Use of the Website and/or Services in whatever country you are physically located including without limitation any and all consumer law, export control laws and regulations; provide to us true, correct and accurate information and promptly inform us in the event that any information that you have provided to us changes or becomes inaccurate; notify Mondaq immediately of any circumstances where you have reason to believe that any Intellectual Property Rights or any other rights of any third party may have been infringed; co-operate with reasonable security or other checks or requests for information made by Mondaq from time to time; and at all times be fully liable for the breach of any of these Terms by a third party using your login details to access the Website and/or Services

however, you shall not: do anything likely to impair, interfere with or damage or cause harm or distress to any persons, or the network; do anything that will infringe any Intellectual Property Rights or other rights of Mondaq or any third party; or use the Website, Services and/or Content otherwise than in accordance with these Terms; use any trade marks or service marks of Mondaq or the Contributors, or do anything which may be seen to take unfair advantage of the reputation and goodwill of Mondaq or the Contributors, or the Website, Services and/or Content.

Mondaq reserves the right, in its sole discretion, to take any action that it deems necessary and appropriate in the event it considers that there is a breach or threatened breach of the Terms.

Mondaq’s Rights and Obligations

Unless otherwise expressly set out to the contrary, nothing in these Terms shall serve to transfer from Mondaq to you, any Intellectual Property Rights owned by and/or licensed to Mondaq and all rights, title and interest in and to such Intellectual Property Rights will remain exclusively with Mondaq and/or its licensors.

Mondaq shall use its reasonable endeavours to make the Website and Services available to you at all times, but we cannot guarantee an uninterrupted and fault free service.

Mondaq reserves the right to make changes to the services and/or the Website or part thereof, from time to time, and we may add, remove, modify and/or vary any elements of features and functionalities of the Website or the services.

Mondaq also reserves the right from time to time to monitor your Use of the Website and/or services.

Disclaimer

The Content is general information only. It is not intended to constitute legal advice or seek to be the complete and comprehensive statement of the law, nor is it intended to address your specific requirements or provide advice on which reliance should be placed. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the Content for any purpose. All Content provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq and/or its Contributors and other suppliers hereby exclude and disclaim all representations, warranties or guarantees with regard to the Content, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. To the maximum extent permitted by law, Mondaq expressly excludes all representations, warranties, obligations, and liabilities arising out of or in connection with all Content. In no event shall Mondaq and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use of the Content or performance of Mondaq’s Services.

General

Mondaq may alter or amend these Terms by amending them on the Website. By continuing to Use the Services and/or the Website after such amendment, you will be deemed to have accepted any amendment to these Terms.

These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of England and Wales and you irrevocably submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England and Wales to settle any dispute which may arise out of or in connection with these Terms. If you live outside the United Kingdom, English law shall apply only to the extent that English law shall not deprive you of any legal protection accorded in accordance with the law of the place where you are habitually resident ("Local Law"). In the event English law deprives you of any legal protection which is accorded to you under Local Law, then these terms shall be governed by Local Law and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these Terms shall be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the courts where you are habitually resident.

You may print and keep a copy of these Terms, which form the entire agreement between you and Mondaq and supersede any other communications or advertising in respect of the Service and/or the Website.

No delay in exercising or non-exercise by you and/or Mondaq of any of its rights under or in connection with these Terms shall operate as a waiver or release of each of your or Mondaq’s right. Rather, any such waiver or release must be specifically granted in writing signed by the party granting it.

If any part of these Terms is held unenforceable, that part shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to give effect to the intent of the parties, and the Terms shall continue in full force and effect.

Mondaq shall not incur any liability to you on account of any loss or damage resulting from any delay or failure to perform all or any part of these Terms if such delay or failure is caused, in whole or in part, by events, occurrences, or causes beyond the control of Mondaq. Such events, occurrences or causes will include, without limitation, acts of God, strikes, lockouts, server and network failure, riots, acts of war, earthquakes, fire and explosions.

By clicking Register you state you have read and agree to our Terms and Conditions