European Union: CREDO - Banking & Finance Update - April 2018

Last Updated: 3 May 2018
Article by Michael Stoneham and Jessica Weir

Brodies recently hosted a Housebuilding Conference where leading market experts discussed the key challenges and opportunities facing the sector, including planning and viability issues, funding challenges, land options, unlocking infrastructure constraints and the impact of alternative residential sectors on traditional development.

Planning issues continue to dominate with the majority of attendees anticipating delays in the planning system as the most significant barrier to housebuilding in Scotland in the next 12 months. Concerns regarding infrastructure constraints and costs were narrowly behind, with some attendees seeking increased dialogue and joint initiatives between developers, local authorities and utility providers. Surprisingly perhaps, when developers may struggle to find enough skilled workers to complete new schemes, only 2% of attendees placed Brexit at the top of their list of concerns.

A clear trend over the past few years has been the increased number of Scottish households in rented accommodation. The flexibility and mobility offered by the rental sector means that rental living is fast becoming the tenure of choice for a generation of millennials, rather than simply a stop gap for those who aspire to home ownership.

Whilst to date there has only been a limited uptake in participation in the Build to Rent sector by the major housebuilders, they will be keeping a close eye on this emerging market for any new opportunities. The same can be said for retirement living – not every older person wants to move from their existing home, but there are a number who are looking to downsize or to find the home which will cater for their long term lifestyle and healthcare needs. The demographics in Scotland suggest that this is a consumer who will be attracting the attention of the housebuilding sector in the years ahead.

Visit Link to Brodies Housebuilding Conference 2018

PLATFORM

Developments continue in the banking market as Brexit edges closer. The Loan Market Association (LMA) has published a guide on the future of LIBOR, and the ISDA standard documentation for derivatives is being revised.

The LMA and the ACT have produced a joint guide entitled "The future of LIBOR: what you need to know" on LIBOR benchmark reform. Reform is being sought after widespread allegations of LIBOR manipulation and fines imposed on international banks has led to increased government review.

A deadline of the end of 2021 has been set for reform to take place, but in the interim preparations must be made for workable alternatives to LIBOR. The guide looks at alternatives that are being proposed such as risk free rates, and also looks at how the drafting of the LMA documentation could change to accommodate LIBOR reform.

All eyes are on the Sterling RFR (Risk Free Rate) Working Group, set up by the Bank of England, who are tasked with considering the implications and providing recommendations in respect of an alternative reference rate to LIBOR. The transition to a new RFR will signal the end of LIBOR as we know it.

Existing arrangements which subsist beyond 2021 may require a re-papering exercise to take account of any changes to the benchmark rates. Where it is not possible to build flexibility into new arrangements at this stage, consideration of change procedures in documentation might be useful.

Law firms are being asked to work collectively on the issue of standard documentation and contractual fall backs. Take this link to some further detail on likely changes.

There are also ongoing discussions around Brexit in the derivatives market, particularly in respect of the current ISDA project to draft new Master Agreements, governed by French and Irish law respectively.

Although the choice of English law (being the current market standard along with New York law) should continue to be recognised, having master agreements which are governed by the laws of alternative jurisdictions situated in EU member states may be useful. The new ISDAs are in addition to general market modernisation initiatives such as the programme of legal opinions procured by ISDA in respect of electronic signatures and documentation.

The English opinion was issued on 10 April 2018 and other jurisdictions are to follow shortly. Brodies' ISDA team will continue to monitor market developments in these areas and provide guidance and support to clients.

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