UK: The Huge Costs Of Bribery

Last Updated: 8 September 2017
Article by Aziz Rahman

We may not always know the extent of bribery or who is involved in it. But we can safely assume it is going on.

A European Parliament-commissioned report last year concluded that corruption costs the EU up to 990 billion euros a year; which gives some idea of the scale of bribery.

What many in business may be unaware of is the damage that bribery can bring to their companies, directly or indirectly. There are those in business who, despite the tight restrictions imposed by the UK's Bribery Act, maintain that bribery is an essential tool for "greasing the wheels'' when it comes to trading in certain countries.

The fact that the Bribery Act carries unlimited fines, up to ten years in prison and can lead to assets being confiscated after a conviction should be enough of a deterrent to those who still see bribery as an everyday part of doing deals. But if it is not, let's look at the case of Petrofac.

Allegations

The Serious Fraud Office (SFO) has started an investigation into Petrofac, its subsidiaries and employees because of suspicions of bribery and money laundering.

Since that investigation began, the firm has been warned it faces a legal claim based on allegations that it misled investors over the scandal. This claim followed a huge fall of more than 50% in the value of Petrofac's shares following the announcement that it was being investigated by the SFO.

Added to this, the Chief Operating Officer has resigned after being suspended indefinitely. He and the Chief Executive have been arrested by the SFO and questioned under caution.

Of course, we do not yet know the outcome of the SFO investigation. The allegations of bribery and money laundering remain, as yet, unproven. But the allegations alone have led to a hugely unsettling investigation, the prospect of damaging legal action, a massive fall in Petrofac's worth and boardroom chaos. The damage has been done months, or even years, before any legal penalties may be imposed.

Prevention

The Petrofac case illustrates perfectly the idea of business being like a "house of cards'' if something is not right. If bribery or another crime is being committed in a company's name, the discovery of it can lead to the loss of its reputation, financial standing, personnel and prospects. Which can hardly be considered to be greasing the wheels.

Bribery must be viewed as something that needs to be prevented rather than celebrated or permitted.

The Petrofac case is the perfect advert for the value of prevention. Only by introducing preventative measures can a company have any hope of ensuring they do not suffer a similar fate.

If you do not devise proper compliance procedures you can hardly be surprised if you are then investigated for failing to comply with the relevant law. The Bribery Act, for example, covers the activities anywhere in the world of any company with a UK connection. Hoping to avoid prosecution under an Act with such a wide-ranging scope, while not having proper compliance in place, is muddled thinking.

Compliance

Regardless of the nature of a business or the geographical or trade sectors it operates in, a well thought-out and carefully enforced compliance programme will greatly reduce the chances of bribery or money laundering – or other white-collar crimes – being committed by people within that company.

It enables a company to prevent identify any possible wrongdoing or, at the very least, recognise it early. Such early recognition and reporting of bribery can be incredibly valuable when dealing with the authorities.

If wrongdoing is carried out, a company will be treated less harshly by the authorities if it can demonstrate that it did all it possibly could to be legally compliant. It will also be treated more leniently if it reports the wrongdoing swiftly, having identified it through its procedures.

While we do not yet know what will happen with Petrofac, it is safe to say that any punishment that may be administered will be far more severe if the SFO finds little or no evidence of appropriate compliance procedures being acted upon.

When it comes to acknowledging a company's commitment to compliance, the authorities will not give any credit for preventative measures that look as if they are paying mere lip service to the idea of prevention.

With Petrofac, and other similar cases, the authorities will be looking for evidence that the company has:

A strong culture of white-collar crime prevention.

An awareness of the bribery and money laundering risks in the countries and business sectors in which it operates – and procedures to minimise those risks.

Effective procedures for carrying out due diligence on those who work with, for or on behalf of the company.

A whistle blowing procedure for reporting wrongdoing that is operating effectively, regularly reviewed and made known to everyone working for the company in any capacity.

Scope

The authorities are looking to come down hard on business crime. As a result, business has to act to make sure it is reducing the potential for such illegal activity.

While the punishments can be severe, the scope for leniency is large. The introduction of deferred prosecution agreements (DPA's) has given the authorities the opportunity to impose conditions on a firm that has broken the law, as opposed to prosecuting it.

But such leniency will only be made available to those who made the effort to prevent crime. Anyone else found to have allowed or ignored bribery, money laundering or other wrongdoing will still have to pay the heavy price that accompanies a lack of compliance.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Authors
 
In association with
Up-coming Events Search
Tools
Print
Font Size:
Translation
Channels
Mondaq on Twitter
 
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
 
Email Address
Company Name
Password
Confirm Password
Position
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Accounting
 Anti-trust
 Commercial
 Compliance
 Consumer
 Criminal
 Employment
 Energy
 Environment
 Family
 Finance
 Government
 Healthcare
 Immigration
 Insolvency
 Insurance
 International
 IP
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Litigation
 Media & IT
 Privacy
 Real Estate
 Strategy
 Tax
 Technology
 Transport
 Wealth Mgt
Regions
Africa
Asia
Asia Pacific
Australasia
Canada
Caribbean
Europe
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
U.K.
United States
Worldwide Updates
Check to state you have read and
agree to our Terms and Conditions

Terms & Conditions and Privacy Statement

Mondaq.com (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd and as a user you are granted a non-exclusive, revocable license to access the Website under its terms and conditions of use. Your use of the Website constitutes your agreement to the following terms and conditions of use. Mondaq Ltd may terminate your use of the Website if you are in breach of these terms and conditions or if Mondaq Ltd decides to terminate your license of use for whatever reason.

Use of www.mondaq.com

You may use the Website but are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the content and articles available (the Content). You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these terms & conditions or with the prior written consent of Mondaq Ltd. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information about Mondaq.com’s content, users or contributors in order to offer them any services or products which compete directly or indirectly with Mondaq Ltd’s services and products.

Disclaimer

Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the documents and related graphics published on this server for any purpose. All such documents and related graphics are provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers hereby disclaim all warranties and conditions with regard to this information, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. In no event shall Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information available from this server.

The documents and related graphics published on this server could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically added to the information herein. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described herein at any time.

Registration

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including what sort of information you are interested in, for three primary purposes:

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, newsletter alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our information providers who provide information free for your use.

Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) do not sell or provide your details to third parties other than information providers. The reason we provide our information providers with this information is so that they can measure the response their articles are receiving and provide you with information about their products and services.

If you do not want us to provide your name and email address you may opt out by clicking here .

If you do not wish to receive any future announcements of products and services offered by Mondaq by clicking here .

Information Collection and Use

We require site users to register with Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to view the free information on the site. We also collect information from our users at several different points on the websites: this is so that we can customise the sites according to individual usage, provide 'session-aware' functionality, and ensure that content is acquired and developed appropriately. This gives us an overall picture of our user profiles, which in turn shows to our Editorial Contributors the type of person they are reaching by posting articles on Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) – meaning more free content for registered users.

We are only able to provide the material on the Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) site free to site visitors because we can pass on information about the pages that users are viewing and the personal information users provide to us (e.g. email addresses) to reputable contributing firms such as law firms who author those pages. We do not sell or rent information to anyone else other than the authors of those pages, who may change from time to time. Should you wish us not to disclose your details to any of these parties, please tick the box above or tick the box marked "Opt out of Registration Information Disclosure" on the Your Profile page. We and our author organisations may only contact you via email or other means if you allow us to do so. Users can opt out of contact when they register on the site, or send an email to unsubscribe@mondaq.com with “no disclosure” in the subject heading

Mondaq News Alerts

In order to receive Mondaq News Alerts, users have to complete a separate registration form. This is a personalised service where users choose regions and topics of interest and we send it only to those users who have requested it. Users can stop receiving these Alerts by going to the Mondaq News Alerts page and deselecting all interest areas. In the same way users can amend their personal preferences to add or remove subject areas.

Cookies

A cookie is a small text file written to a user’s hard drive that contains an identifying user number. The cookies do not contain any personal information about users. We use the cookie so users do not have to log in every time they use the service and the cookie will automatically expire if you do not visit the Mondaq website (or its affiliate sites) for 12 months. We also use the cookie to personalise a user's experience of the site (for example to show information specific to a user's region). As the Mondaq sites are fully personalised and cookies are essential to its core technology the site will function unpredictably with browsers that do not support cookies - or where cookies are disabled (in these circumstances we advise you to attempt to locate the information you require elsewhere on the web). However if you are concerned about the presence of a Mondaq cookie on your machine you can also choose to expire the cookie immediately (remove it) by selecting the 'Log Off' menu option as the last thing you do when you use the site.

Some of our business partners may use cookies on our site (for example, advertisers). However, we have no access to or control over these cookies and we are not aware of any at present that do so.

Log Files

We use IP addresses to analyse trends, administer the site, track movement, and gather broad demographic information for aggregate use. IP addresses are not linked to personally identifiable information.

Links

This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that Mondaq (or its affiliate sites) are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of these third party sites. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this Web site.

Surveys & Contests

From time-to-time our site requests information from users via surveys or contests. Participation in these surveys or contests is completely voluntary and the user therefore has a choice whether or not to disclose any information requested. Information requested may include contact information (such as name and delivery address), and demographic information (such as postcode, age level). Contact information will be used to notify the winners and award prizes. Survey information will be used for purposes of monitoring or improving the functionality of the site.

Mail-A-Friend

If a user elects to use our referral service for informing a friend about our site, we ask them for the friend’s name and email address. Mondaq stores this information and may contact the friend to invite them to register with Mondaq, but they will not be contacted more than once. The friend may contact Mondaq to request the removal of this information from our database.

Security

This website takes every reasonable precaution to protect our users’ information. When users submit sensitive information via the website, your information is protected using firewalls and other security technology. If you have any questions about the security at our website, you can send an email to webmaster@mondaq.com.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user’s personally identifiable information changes (such as postcode), or if a user no longer desires our service, we will endeavour to provide a way to correct, update or remove that user’s personal data provided to us. This can usually be done at the “Your Profile” page or by sending an email to EditorialAdvisor@mondaq.com.

Notification of Changes

If we decide to change our Terms & Conditions or Privacy Policy, we will post those changes on our site so our users are always aware of what information we collect, how we use it, and under what circumstances, if any, we disclose it. If at any point we decide to use personally identifiable information in a manner different from that stated at the time it was collected, we will notify users by way of an email. Users will have a choice as to whether or not we use their information in this different manner. We will use information in accordance with the privacy policy under which the information was collected.

How to contact Mondaq

You can contact us with comments or queries at enquiries@mondaq.com.

If for some reason you believe Mondaq Ltd. has not adhered to these principles, please notify us by e-mail at problems@mondaq.com and we will use commercially reasonable efforts to determine and correct the problem promptly.