UK: Implementing CRD IV In The UK | Final Decision On The PRA’s Key Proposals Draws Near

Last Updated: 20 November 2013
Article by Deloitte Financial Services Group

Most Read Contributor in UK, August 2017

In August the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) published its consultation on changes to its rules to implement the CRD IV package (CP 5/13 'Strengthening Capital Standards: Implementing CRD IV'). A similar consultation process is underway for investment firms regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA).

The CRD IV package – comprising a new EU Capital Requirements Regulation (CRR) and a revised Capital Requirements Directive (CRD IV) – will apply from 1 January 2014. The consultation paper summarised how the PRA planned to implement the Directive, and the extent to which it would exercise national discretions available in the Regulation, together with changes to the PRA Handbook required as a result of the direct application of the Regulation in the UK. The Regulation, which contains the majority of the detailed capital and liquidity rules, is mandatory and applies directly to all institutions throughout EU/EEA without the need first for transposition into national law. This is in contrast to previous CRD packages, which were effected solely through a Directive.

The consultation closed on 2 October 2013. The PRA's final Policy Statement, rules and supervisory statements will be published in December, after approval by the PRA Board. There remains significant uncertainty about the CRD IV package, but firms should not let that distract them from taking concrete steps now to prepare. Timelines will be short after the Policy Statement is released: some elements will take effect from 1 January 2014. As importantly, there are many more elements of the CRD IV package to determine. For example, firms should start reviewing their existing and proposed capital and liquidity structures and any existing waivers in the light of this new guidance. Finalising treatment of the issues that the PRA has addressed now will create time and space for management to tackle other aspects in the future.

Key elements of the PRA's proposed approach

Who will be impacted?

The CP sets out proposed changes to the PRA's rules relevant to banks, building societies and PRA-designated investment firms (systemically important investment firms). Other investment firms come within scope of the FCA.

How will the CRD IV package impact the current PRA rulebooks?

The CRR is the 'single EU rulebook' that gives effect to the majority of the Basel III principles, including quality of capital, credit, market, operational and counterparty credit risk, together with liquidity and leverage requirements. In the UK, the majority of BIPRU will be replaced by the provisions of the CRR, with the exception of the liquidity rules set out in BIPRU 12. The PRA is also proposing to replace GENPRU with the related CRR provisions, except for GENPRU 3 on cross-sector groups. Amendments to SUP and SYSC will also be made where necessary.

The technical guidance on the new regulation will also come directly from EU via the EBA's technical standards (RTS) and Frequently Asked Questions internet portal.

When will the new capital requirements apply in the UK?

The CP proposes that no transitional path will be applied for deductions from Common Equity Tier 1 capital (CET 1), implying that 100% of all deductions and filters will apply from 1 January 2014, with the exception of holdings in financial sector entities within the same consolidated group. This may represent a significant additional challenge for some firms in meeting the new capital standards.

The PRA does not intend to accelerate the minimum CRR transitional path for the definition of capital or the imposition of minimum Pillar 1 capital requirements except as indicated above.

How will the new rules impact the UK Pillar 2 regime?

The concept of Pillar 2A (the regulator's additional minimum capital requirement for risks not sufficiently covered by Pillar 1) and the current ICAAP process of risk evaluation and capital adequacy assessment will remain under the new CRD IV regime, however the capital requirement will have to be met with at least 56% CET 1 capital by 1 January 2015.

The current Pillar 2B requirement (the Capital Planning Buffer) will continue alongside the new CRD IV capital buffers while they are phased in.

The PRA introduces a firm-specific PRA buffer in addition in addition to Pillar 1, Pillar 2A and the CRD buffers where these do not sufficiently cover capital requirements under stress. This PRA buffer will replace the current Pillar 2B.

The PRA is still to provide guidance on the new Pillar 2 regime, meaning that the current Pillar 2B policy remains in force until this position has been clarified.

Will the new requirements impact the current UK liquidity regime?

Until the CRD IV Liquidity Coverage Ratio (LCR) comes into force on 1 January 2015, the PRA liquidity regime, including liquidity reporting contained in BIPRU 12 and SUP 16 will continue to apply to PRA authorised firms. How the PRA liquidity regime will change upon the specification of the LCR is still uncertain. The PRA has decided not to exempt the investment firms it supervises from the CRR liquidity regime.

New liquidity reporting standards are coming into force in 2014 under the CRR reporting obligation on the LCR and NSFR. These standards are different from the current FSA liquidity reporting requirements and will impact firms reporting processes, data requirements and overall liquidity management frameworks.

Will firms' current PRA waivers remain eligible under the new regime?

Where the BIPRU and GENPRU rules are replaced by substantially equivalent requirements in the CRR, the PRA has the power to grant equivalent permissions such that they are carried forward under the new regime.

The PRA intends to grant permissions to all firms where the firm is fully compliant with the relevant BIPRU/GENPRU rule and any specific waiver conditions.

View the full paper on the Bank of England website.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought about your specific circumstances.

To print this article, all you need is to be registered on Mondaq.com.

Click to Login as an existing user or Register so you can print this article.

Authors
 
In association with
Related Video
Up-coming Events Search
Tools
Print
Font Size:
Translation
Channels
Mondaq on Twitter
 
Register for Access and our Free Biweekly Alert for
This service is completely free. Access 250,000 archived articles from 100+ countries and get a personalised email twice a week covering developments (and yes, our lawyers like to think you’ve read our Disclaimer).
 
Email Address
Company Name
Password
Confirm Password
Position
Mondaq Topics -- Select your Interests
 Accounting
 Anti-trust
 Commercial
 Compliance
 Consumer
 Criminal
 Employment
 Energy
 Environment
 Family
 Finance
 Government
 Healthcare
 Immigration
 Insolvency
 Insurance
 International
 IP
 Law Performance
 Law Practice
 Litigation
 Media & IT
 Privacy
 Real Estate
 Strategy
 Tax
 Technology
 Transport
 Wealth Mgt
Regions
Africa
Asia
Asia Pacific
Australasia
Canada
Caribbean
Europe
European Union
Latin America
Middle East
U.K.
United States
Worldwide Updates
Check to state you have read and
agree to our Terms and Conditions

Terms & Conditions and Privacy Statement

Mondaq.com (the Website) is owned and managed by Mondaq Ltd and as a user you are granted a non-exclusive, revocable license to access the Website under its terms and conditions of use. Your use of the Website constitutes your agreement to the following terms and conditions of use. Mondaq Ltd may terminate your use of the Website if you are in breach of these terms and conditions or if Mondaq Ltd decides to terminate your license of use for whatever reason.

Use of www.mondaq.com

You may use the Website but are required to register as a user if you wish to read the full text of the content and articles available (the Content). You may not modify, publish, transmit, transfer or sell, reproduce, create derivative works from, distribute, perform, link, display, or in any way exploit any of the Content, in whole or in part, except as expressly permitted in these terms & conditions or with the prior written consent of Mondaq Ltd. You may not use electronic or other means to extract details or information about Mondaq.com’s content, users or contributors in order to offer them any services or products which compete directly or indirectly with Mondaq Ltd’s services and products.

Disclaimer

Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers make no representations about the suitability of the information contained in the documents and related graphics published on this server for any purpose. All such documents and related graphics are provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers hereby disclaim all warranties and conditions with regard to this information, including all implied warranties and conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title and non-infringement. In no event shall Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers be liable for any special, indirect or consequential damages or any damages whatsoever resulting from loss of use, data or profits, whether in an action of contract, negligence or other tortious action, arising out of or in connection with the use or performance of information available from this server.

The documents and related graphics published on this server could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically added to the information herein. Mondaq Ltd and/or its respective suppliers may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described herein at any time.

Registration

Mondaq Ltd requires you to register and provide information that personally identifies you, including what sort of information you are interested in, for three primary purposes:

  • To allow you to personalize the Mondaq websites you are visiting.
  • To enable features such as password reminder, newsletter alerts, email a colleague, and linking from Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to your website.
  • To produce demographic feedback for our information providers who provide information free for your use.

Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) do not sell or provide your details to third parties other than information providers. The reason we provide our information providers with this information is so that they can measure the response their articles are receiving and provide you with information about their products and services.

If you do not want us to provide your name and email address you may opt out by clicking here .

If you do not wish to receive any future announcements of products and services offered by Mondaq by clicking here .

Information Collection and Use

We require site users to register with Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) to view the free information on the site. We also collect information from our users at several different points on the websites: this is so that we can customise the sites according to individual usage, provide 'session-aware' functionality, and ensure that content is acquired and developed appropriately. This gives us an overall picture of our user profiles, which in turn shows to our Editorial Contributors the type of person they are reaching by posting articles on Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) – meaning more free content for registered users.

We are only able to provide the material on the Mondaq (and its affiliate sites) site free to site visitors because we can pass on information about the pages that users are viewing and the personal information users provide to us (e.g. email addresses) to reputable contributing firms such as law firms who author those pages. We do not sell or rent information to anyone else other than the authors of those pages, who may change from time to time. Should you wish us not to disclose your details to any of these parties, please tick the box above or tick the box marked "Opt out of Registration Information Disclosure" on the Your Profile page. We and our author organisations may only contact you via email or other means if you allow us to do so. Users can opt out of contact when they register on the site, or send an email to unsubscribe@mondaq.com with “no disclosure” in the subject heading

Mondaq News Alerts

In order to receive Mondaq News Alerts, users have to complete a separate registration form. This is a personalised service where users choose regions and topics of interest and we send it only to those users who have requested it. Users can stop receiving these Alerts by going to the Mondaq News Alerts page and deselecting all interest areas. In the same way users can amend their personal preferences to add or remove subject areas.

Cookies

A cookie is a small text file written to a user’s hard drive that contains an identifying user number. The cookies do not contain any personal information about users. We use the cookie so users do not have to log in every time they use the service and the cookie will automatically expire if you do not visit the Mondaq website (or its affiliate sites) for 12 months. We also use the cookie to personalise a user's experience of the site (for example to show information specific to a user's region). As the Mondaq sites are fully personalised and cookies are essential to its core technology the site will function unpredictably with browsers that do not support cookies - or where cookies are disabled (in these circumstances we advise you to attempt to locate the information you require elsewhere on the web). However if you are concerned about the presence of a Mondaq cookie on your machine you can also choose to expire the cookie immediately (remove it) by selecting the 'Log Off' menu option as the last thing you do when you use the site.

Some of our business partners may use cookies on our site (for example, advertisers). However, we have no access to or control over these cookies and we are not aware of any at present that do so.

Log Files

We use IP addresses to analyse trends, administer the site, track movement, and gather broad demographic information for aggregate use. IP addresses are not linked to personally identifiable information.

Links

This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that Mondaq (or its affiliate sites) are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of these third party sites. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this Web site.

Surveys & Contests

From time-to-time our site requests information from users via surveys or contests. Participation in these surveys or contests is completely voluntary and the user therefore has a choice whether or not to disclose any information requested. Information requested may include contact information (such as name and delivery address), and demographic information (such as postcode, age level). Contact information will be used to notify the winners and award prizes. Survey information will be used for purposes of monitoring or improving the functionality of the site.

Mail-A-Friend

If a user elects to use our referral service for informing a friend about our site, we ask them for the friend’s name and email address. Mondaq stores this information and may contact the friend to invite them to register with Mondaq, but they will not be contacted more than once. The friend may contact Mondaq to request the removal of this information from our database.

Security

This website takes every reasonable precaution to protect our users’ information. When users submit sensitive information via the website, your information is protected using firewalls and other security technology. If you have any questions about the security at our website, you can send an email to webmaster@mondaq.com.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user’s personally identifiable information changes (such as postcode), or if a user no longer desires our service, we will endeavour to provide a way to correct, update or remove that user’s personal data provided to us. This can usually be done at the “Your Profile” page or by sending an email to EditorialAdvisor@mondaq.com.

Notification of Changes

If we decide to change our Terms & Conditions or Privacy Policy, we will post those changes on our site so our users are always aware of what information we collect, how we use it, and under what circumstances, if any, we disclose it. If at any point we decide to use personally identifiable information in a manner different from that stated at the time it was collected, we will notify users by way of an email. Users will have a choice as to whether or not we use their information in this different manner. We will use information in accordance with the privacy policy under which the information was collected.

How to contact Mondaq

You can contact us with comments or queries at enquiries@mondaq.com.

If for some reason you believe Mondaq Ltd. has not adhered to these principles, please notify us by e-mail at problems@mondaq.com and we will use commercially reasonable efforts to determine and correct the problem promptly.