Turkey: Kişisel Verilerin Koruması Kapsamında Aydınlatma Yükümlülüğü

Last Updated: 25 September 2019

Veri sorumlusunun aydınlatma yükümlülüğü Kişisel Verilerin Koruma Kanunu'nun 10. maddesinde açıklanmıştır. Buna göre kişisel veri işleyen veri sorumlusu , aydınlatma yükümlülüğünü yerine getirmek zorundadır. Kişisel Verileri Koruma Kurulu , 26/07/2018 tarihli ve 2018/90 "Veri sorumlusu tarafından aydınlatma yükümlülüğü ve açık rıza onayı alınması süreçlerinin ayrı ayrı yerine getirilmesi gerektiği ile ilgili" verdiği kararda ' Aydınlatma yükümlülüğünün yerine getirilmesindeki amaç kişisel verilerin işlenmesi noktasında ilgili kişinin bilgi sahibi olmasının temin edilmesidir. 'açıklamasında bulunmuştur. Aydınlatma yükümlülüğü kapsamında , veri sorumlusu veya yetkilendirdiği kişilerce yapılacak bilgilendirmenin asgari olarak şu konuları içermesi gerekmektedir:

  • Veri sorumlusunun ve varsa temsilcisinin kimliği,
  • Kişisel verilerin hangi amaçla işleneceği,
  • İşlenen kişisel verilerin kimlere ve hangi amaçla aktarılabileceği,
  • Kişisel veri toplamanın yöntemi ve hukuki sebebi,
  • 11 inci maddede sayılan ilgili kişinin diğer hakları,( Veri sorumlusuna başvurarak kendi kişisel verileriyle ilgili bilgi alma , verilerin düzeltilmesini talep etme, verilerin silinmesini veya yok edilmesini isteme, kişisel verilerin kanuna aykırı olarak işlenmesi sebebiyle zarara uğraması hâlinde zararın giderilmesini talep etme gibi kişinin kanundan doğan hakları)

'Aydınlatma Yükümlülüğünün Yerine Getirilmesinde Uygulanacak Usul ve Esaslar Hakkında Tebliğ ' ile aydınlatma yükümlülüğünün veri sorumlusu ya da yetkilendirdiği kişi tarafından sözlü, yazılı, ses kaydı, çağrı merkezi gibi fiziksel veya elektronik ortam kullanılmak suretiyle yapılabileceği hükme bağlanmıştır. Ayrıca bu yükümlülüğün yerine getirilmiş olması için aşağıdaki usul ve esaslara uyulması gerekmektedir.;

a) İlgili kişinin açık rızasına veya Kanundaki diğer işleme şartlarına bağlı olarak kişisel veri işlendiği her durumda aydınlatma yükümlülüğü yerine getirilmelidir.

b) Kişisel veri işleme amacı değiştiğinde, veri işleme faaliyetinden önce bu amaç için aydınlatma yükümlülüğü ayrıca yerine getirilmelidir.

ç) Sicile kayıt yükümlülüğünün bulunması durumunda, aydınlatma yükümlülüğü çerçevesinde ilgili kişiye verilecek bilgiler, Sicile açıklanan bilgilerle uyumlu olmalıdır.

d) Aydınlatma yükümlülüğünün yerine getirilmesi, ilgili kişinin talebine bağlı değildir.

e) Aydınlatma yükümlülüğünün yerine getirildiğinin ispatı veri sorumlusuna aittir.

f) Kişisel veri işleme faaliyetinin açık rıza şartına dayalı olarak gerçekleştirilmesi halinde, aydınlatma yükümlülüğü ve açık rızanın alınması işlemlerinin ayrı ayrı yerine getirilmesi gerekmektedir.

g) Aydınlatma yükümlülüğü kapsamında açıklanacak kişisel veri işleme amacının belirli, açık ve meşru olması gerekir. Aydınlatma yükümlülüğü yerine getirilirken, genel nitelikte ve muğlak ifadelere yer verilmemelidir. Gündeme gelmesi muhtemel başka amaçlar için kişisel verilerin işlenebileceği kanaatini uyandıran ifadeler kullanılmamalıdır.

ğ) Aydınlatma yükümlülüğü kapsamında ilgili kişiye yapılacak bildirimin anlaşılır, açık ve sade bir dil kullanılarak gerçekleştirilmesi gerekmektedir.

h) Kanunun 10 uncu maddesinin birinci fıkrasının (ç) bendinde yer alan "hukuki sebep" ten kasıt, aydınlatma yükümlülüğü kapsamında kişisel verilerin Kanunun

5 ve 6 ncı maddelerinde belirtilen işleme şartlarından hangisine dayanılarak işlendiğidir. Aydınlatma yükümlülüğünün yerine getirilmesi esnasında hukuki sebebin açıkça belirtilmesi gerekmektedir.

ı) Aydınlatma yükümlülüğü kapsamında, kişisel verilerin aktarılma amacı ve aktarılacak alıcı grupları belirtilmelidir.

i) Aydınlatma yükümlülüğü kapsamında kişisel verilerin, tamamen veya kısmen otomatik yollarla ya da veri kayıt sisteminin parçası olmak kaydıyla otomatik olmayan yöntemlerden hangisiyle elde edildiği açık bir şekilde belirtilmelidir.

j) Aydınlatma yükümlülüğü yerine getirilirken eksik, ilgili kişileri yanıltıcı ve yanlış bilgilere yer verilmemelidir.

Belirtilen usul ve esasların tümüne uyulması gerekmektedir. Kanunun 10. maddesinde belirtilen asgari şartlar sağlanmış olsa dahi usul ve esaslara uyulmadığı durumlarda aydınlatma yükümlülüğünün yerine getirildiğinden söz edilemeyecektir.

Aydınlatma yükümlülüğünü yerine getirmeyenler hakkında 5.000 Türk lirasından 100.000 Türk lirasına kadar idari para cezası verilir.

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