The domain names ".istanbul" and ".ist" are
now available for public use on a first-come-first-served basis.
The Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality provides the domain names
via a range of accredited local and international registry
operators, for one year minimum registration periods. Istanbul
joins cities with similar geographic domains such as Amsterdam,
Berlin, Madrid, Moscow, Paris, Rome, and Tokyo.
The Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality applied to The Internet
Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
("ICANN") in 2012 to establish specific
domains for Istanbul and an agreement was ultimately signed in September
2014. Accordingly, ".istanbul" became a Top Level Domain
(TLD) and ".ist" became a Generic Top Level Domain (gTLD)
on the domain name server from July 2015. The domains are expected
to be used by parties seeking to emphasise their project or
trademark's link to Istanbul.
The domains were first available in January 2016 as part of a
pre-application period, open to global trademarks certified within
the scope of ICANN's Trademark Creating House Program.
The pre-application period expired in March 2016 and a
restricted application period began. During the restricted
application stage, applications were accepted from public
institutes, companies, non-governmental organizations, associations
and individuals operating in Turkey. The restricted application
period expired on 10 May 2016 and the domain names are now open for
For more information and access to the authorised registry
operators, please visit nic.istanbul.
Information first published in the MA | Gazette, a fortnightly legal update newsletter
produced by Moroğlu Arseven.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general
guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought
about your specific circumstances.
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On 8 September 2016 (C-160/15), the CJEU ruled that the posting of a hyperlink to copyright-protected works located on another website does not constitute copyright infringement when the link poster does not seek financial gain.
The chapter on the UK summarises the IP court and litigation system in the UK, recent developments in relation to IP law and practice, the forms and availability of IP protection and trends and outlook in the IP sphere.
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