On 25 April 2016, Turkey acceded to the 1996 Convention on
Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and
Co-Operation in Respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for
the Protection of Children ("Hague
Convention"), as well as the 2007 Convention on the
International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family
Maintenance ("Child Support
The Hague Convention and Child Support Convention are important
requirements in the Visa Liberalization Dialogue between the
European Union and Turkey, also contributing to Turkey's
European Union harmonization process.
Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition,
Enforcement and Co-Operation in Respect of Parental Responsibility
and Measures for the Protection of Children
In 1983, Turkey acceded to the 1961 Convention regarding
Applicable Law on Protection of Children and Competency of
Authorities on the same issue. However, the 1961 convention became
insufficient to meet modern needs. Accordingly, the Hague
Convention was opened for signature on 19 October 1996.
The Hague Convention introduces regulations to eliminate
jurisdictional disputes between foreign states regarding protection
of children and their property. According to the Hague Convention,
if an international dispute arises, the child's habitual
residence state's authorities and courts are primarily
The Hague Convention's provisions aim to eliminate confusion
regarding competency disputes between foreign states regarding
protection of children and difficulties which arise from
recognizing and enforcing decisions.
Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and
Other Forms of Family Maintenance
The Child Support Convention was opened for signature on 5
November 2007 and acceded by Turkey on 25 April 2016. It aims to
regulate efficient recovery of child support and other forms
support which arise from family law in general. The Child Support
Convention combines provisions from many different conventions and
international agreements regarding the topic.
The Child Support Convention states that a foreign state cannot
claim any guarantee regarding litigation expenses from the state
where support will be recovered, as well as ensures free of charge
legal support regarding child support for children under 21 years
old. Recognition, enforcement conditions and recovery methods for
child support are explained in detail.
Please see these links for the full text of the conventions:
Family law is easily misunderstood and its realities can get in the way of a good storyline; nobody really wants to watch reasonable and calm lawyers helping parties negotiate sensible solutions in an amicable way.
"The Family Code of Ukraine of 10 January 2002 No. 2947-III" (effective since 2004) ("Family Code"), sets out the basic principles and regulations of property relations of spouses, including civil agreements, which may be entered into by and between spouses.
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