Regulations have been introduced in Turkey outlining procedures
and principles for opening, operating and inspecting shopping
centres, as well as respective duties and responsibilities for
owners, management and government agencies. The Regulation on
Shopping Centres ("Regulation") was published in Official
Gazette number 29636 on 26 February 2016, coming into force on the
The Regulation defines shopping centre as facilities which meet
the following criteria:
A single building, or group of buildings in a specific
At least 5,000 m2 selling space.
At least ten stores, if the shopping centre contains at least
one department store, or 30 stores if no department store
Include shared areas, as specified in the Regulation.
Have centralized management.
Within the context of shared areas, shopping centres should
contain areas (relative to the centre's overall size) which are
available free of charge for:
Social and cultural events.
Immediate medical response.
Playgrounds for children.
The owner and management are jointly responsible for safety
measures guarding against accidents in these shared areas, along
with other requirements for these areas.
The Regulation outlines cost allocation rules for:
Common costs which are not related to ownership of the shopping
Common costs for un-rented stores.
Contributions by stores for the shopping centre's common
interests, such as marketing or management.
The Ministry of Customs and Trade enforces the Regulation and
inspects shopping centres regarding complaints. If a shopping
centre contradicts legislation, sanctions under Article 18 of the
Law on Regulation of Retail Trade will apply.
Any shopping centre operating on 29 January 2015 must have
establish the required shared areas and centralized management by
29 January 2016.
Please see this link for the full text of the
Regulation (only available in Turkish).
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