New parental leave entitlements have been introduced in Turkey.
These include introducing a new leave entitlement available after
maternity leave ends, as well as a new right to request part-time
work up until the child enters compulsory education. People between
20 and 25 years old are now also eligible for general health
insurance for two years after graduation from high school or higher
education, without any income determination (in certain
The Law Amending the Income Tax Law numbered 6663 and certain
Laws ("Amendment Law") was published in Official Gazette
number 29620 on 10 February 2016. The Amendment Law makes changes
with respect to the above mentioned issues to the following laws,
Unemployment Insurance Law numbered 4447.
Social Security and General Health Insurance Law numbered
Labor Law numbered 4857.
Maternity leave in case of death during or after child
Under the Amendment Law, if a mother dies during or after child
birth, maternity leave will now be granted to the father (Article
22 of the Amending Law).
Right to un-paid leave after maternity leave ends
An extra un-paid leave is now available for the period following
maternity leave. Accordingly, if requested, mothers will be
entitled to take un-paid leave for up to half of her weekly working
hours. Male or female workers adopting a child under three years
old are also entitled to this un-paid leave. Such extra un-paid
leaves are available for 60 days for the first birth, 120 for the
second and 180 for the third (Article 22 of the Amending Law).
An allowance will be paid during the extra un-paid leave period,
which amounts to half of the individual's weekly working hours.
The allowance is paid monthly by the unemployment insurance fund.
The principles and procures for payment will be jointly determined
by the Ministry of Finance, the Social Security Institution, and
the Undersecretariat for the Treasury (Article 20 of the Amendment
The right to request part-time work
Both parents now have the right to request part-time work from
their employers. The right exists for the period between when
maternity leave ends, up until the beginning of the month after the
child's compulsory education begins. However, if one of the
parents does not work, the other is not entitled to request part
time work. Employers cannot use such a request as a reason for
termination. Couples or individuals adopting a child under three
years old are also eligible.
The Ministry of Labor and the Ministry of Social Security will
release a regulation outlining the sectors and workplaces where
part-time work is possible, as well as principals and procedures
(Article 21 of the Amendment Law).
For employees who receive half of their financial rights and
social welfare because they are taking advantage of their right to
part-time work, the actual service time and payment period will be
calculated as half of the full-time amounts. However, the full
monthly amount will be paid for general health insurance premiums,
without any deduction (Article 30 of the Amendment Law).
General health insurance for people between 20 and 25 years
People between 20 and 25 years old are now included in the scope
of general health insurance for two years after graduation without
any income determination, provided they meet the following
They are not dependent on their parents.
They do not receive general health insurance from other
They have graduated from either:
High School, or equivalent (if under 20 years old), or
Higher Education (if under 25 years old).
Please see this link for the full text of the
Amendment Law (only available in Turkish).
Information first published in the
MA | Gazette, a fortnightly legal update newsletter produced by
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