A Circular has been published in Turkey, outlining distribution
of tasks between governmental institutions for 2014 to 2020, as
well as principles for managing financial assistance given to
European Union candidate countries. Accordingly, European Union
financial assistance must be spent towards the purposes of the
Instrument for Pre-Accession ("IPA").
The financial assistance must be used to support political,
institutional, judicial, administrative, social and economic
reforms in Turkey, in order to comply with European Union values,
standards, policies and the implications of becoming a full member.
The Circular Regarding Management of Pre-Accession Funds Given By
the European Union ("Circular") was
published in Official Gazette number 29556 on 8 December 2015.
The first period of the IPA ran from 2007 to 2013. A framework
agreement was signed in February 2015 for the 2014-2020 period.
Financial aid for this second period amounts to €4.5 billion,
which will be used primarily in nine specified areas.
Responsibility for policy areas is allocated under the Circular
as follows, with each institution required to follow the European
Union's principles of transparency and visibility:
With regard to preparation for Union
The Ministry of the European Union is
responsible for democracy and governance.
The Ministry of Justice is
responsible for rule of law and fundamental rights
Either the Ministry of the European
Union or Ministry of Interior are responsible for sub-sectors.
With regard to socio-economic and
The Ministry of Environment and
Urbanization is responsible for environment and climate
The Ministry of Transport, Maritime
Affairs and Communication is responsible for the transport
The Ministry of Energy and Natural
Resources is responsible for the energy sector.
The Ministry of Science, Industry and
Technology is responsible for competitiveness and innovation.
The Ministry of Labor and Social
Security is responsible for education, employment and social
policies, including matters related to employment, social policies,
education, promotion of gender equality, and human resources
The Ministry of Food, Agriculture and
Livestock as well as the Agency for Instrument for Pre-Accession
Assistance in Rural Development are responsible for agriculture and
According to the Circular, multi-year programs should be
prepared for employment, social policies, education, promotion of
gender equality, and human resources development, as well as
agriculture and rural development. Annual programs are envisioned
for other policy areas.
The Anti-Fraud Coordinating System is established to research,
examine and investigate expenditure of funds, including a
coordination board and three monitoring committees.
Each responsible institutions must prepare an evaluation of
operations in the relative sector or sub-sectors. The National
Pre-Accession Assistance Coordinator submits a country evaluation
plan to the European Committee, made up of these sector
Please see this link for the full text of the Circular
(only available in Turkish).
Information first published in the MA | Gazette, a fortnightly legal
update newsletter produced by Moroğlu Arseven.
The content of this article is intended to provide a general
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