The Ministry of Justice recently announced that on July 20, 2016
the newly established regional courts (bölge adliye
mahkemeleri) will begin hearing appeals, creating a two-level
appellate court system consisting of regional courts and the
existing Supreme Court (Yargıtay).
What the law says
While all first instance court decisions awarding or refusing to
award amounts below TRY 1,500 (approximately USD 500) will remain
final, the new regional courts will hear matters above this minimum
statutory threshold. Matters exceeding the minimum statutory
threshold for Supreme Court appeals of TRY 25,000 (approx. USD
8,400) will be appealable to the Supreme Court. These limits are
expected to be adjusted annually.
Regional courts will also hear appeals from first instance court
decisions such as those granting or denying requests for interim
injunctions (ihtiyati tedbir) and attachments
The Law on the Establishment of First Instance Courts and
Regional Courts and the 2011 Civil Procedure Code had provided
for the establishment of the regional courts, but specified that
those provisions would not be operational until the Ministry of
Justice made a formal announcement. The Ministry's announcement
more than five years later means that the appellate rules of the
Civil Procedure Code will finally become effective on July 20,
2016, with transitional exemptions for ongoing appeals.
We expect the new appellate system to reduce the Supreme
Court's workload and increase the quality of appellate
decisions. Company in-house counsel should be aware of the new
system and new appellate rules that will enter into force on July
The content of this article is intended to provide a general
guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought
about your specific circumstances.
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