Turkey: İthalat Rejiminde Yılın Modası Sadelik

Last Updated: 26 November 2015
Article by Evren Guldogan

Her yıl 31 Aralık'ta tatlı bir heyecan sarar içimi. Eee, dile kolay; koca bir yıl sona ermektedir... Ve Resmi Gazete'nin mükerrer sayılarında bir sonraki yıl uygulanacak dış ticaret mevzuatı yayımlanacaktır. Zira dış ticaret mevzuatımızın önemli bir bölümü yıllık bazda değişir.

Genelde Resmi Gazete'nin bir mükerrer sayısı Türk Gümrük Tarife Cetveli'ne, bir sayısı ürün güvenliği ve denetimi, yani eski adıyla dış ticarette standardizasyon tebliğlerine, bir diğer sayısı da ithalat rejimi kararı ile ithalat tebliğlerine ayrılır. Bir önceki yılın mevzuatı ile bu yılınki arasında bir farklılık var mı, müvekkillere bilgi vermek gerekir mi, yazdığımız görüşler dikkate alınmış mı... Bu ve benzeri soruları yanıtlarını aramak insanın saatlerini alır, götürür.

Neyse ki Ekonomi Bakanlığı bu yıl dış ticaret mevzuatında önemli bir değişiklik yaptı da harcadığımız vakit azaldı. Geçen yılın 19 farklı tebliği tek bir İthalat Tebliği (Tebliğ: 2015/1) kapsamında birleştirildi. Böylelikle ortak hükümler tek bir mevzuatta toplanmış ve sadeleştirilmiş oldu. 2015/1 sayılı İthalat Tebliği'nin yerini aldığı mevzuatın listesi aşağıdaki şekilde:

  • Yurt İçinde Düzenlenen Uluslararası Fuarlara İlişkin Tebliğ (İthalat: 2014/1)
  • Harp Silahları, Bunların Aksam ve Parçalarının İthaline İlişkin Tebliğ (İthalat: 2014/2)
  • Radyoaktif Maddeler ile Bunların Kullanıldığı Cihazların İthaline İlişkin Tebliğ (İthalat: 2014/3)
  • Yüksek Yoğunluklu Tatlandırıcıların İthaline İlişkin Tebliğ (İthalat: 2014/4)
  • Haritalar ve Harita Bilgisi İçeren Eşyanın İthaline İlişkin Tebliğ (İthalat: 2014/5)
  • İthalinde Garanti Belgesi Aranacak Maddelere İlişkin Tebliğ (İthalat: 2014/6)
  • Karayolu Taşıt Araçlarının İthaline İlişkin Tebliğ (İthalat: 2014/7)
  • Sivil Hava Taşıtlarının İthaline İlişkin Tebliğ (İthalat: 2014/8)
  • Kullanılmış veya Yenileştirilmiş Olarak İthal Edilebilecek Bazı Maddelere İlişkin Tebliğ (İthalat: 2014/9)
  • Banknot ve Benzeri Kıymetli Evraka Mahsus Kâğıtların İthaline İlişkin Tebliğ (İthalat: 2014/10)
  • Bazı Patlayıcı Maddeler, Ateşli Silahlar, Bıçaklar ve Benzeri Aletlerin İthaline İlişkin Tebliğ (İthalat: 2014/11)
  • Çift Kullanımlı Malzeme ve Teknolojilere Dair Nihai Kullanım Sertifikalarının Kayda Alınmasına İlişkin Tebliğ (İthalat: 2014/12)
  • İş Sağlığı ve Güvenliğini Etkileyen Bazı Maddelerin İthaline İlişkin Tebliğ (İthalat: 2014/13)
  • Ozon Tabakasını İncelten Maddelerin İthaline İlişkin Tebliğ (İthalat: 2014/14)
  • Bazı Tekstil ve Konfeksiyon Ürünlerinin Denetimine İlişkin Tebliğ (İthalat: 2014/15)
  • Gübre İthaline İlişkin Tebliğ (İthalat: 2014/16)
  • Kimyasal Silahlar Sözleşmesi Ekinde Yer Alan Kimyasal Maddelerin İthaline İlişkin Tebliğ (İthalat: 2014/17)
  • Askıya Alma Sistemine İlişkin Tebliğ (İthalat: 2014/18)
  • Genelleştirilmiş Tercihler Sistemine İlişkin Tebliğ (İthalat: 2014/19)

Önümüzdeki yıl askıya alma sistemi ya da genelleştirilmiş tercihler sistemi gibi ayrıksı konulara ilişkin hükümlerin tekrar müstakil mevzuatlar halini alması arananın kolaylıkla bulunması açısından faydalı olabilir. Ancak Ekonomi Bakanlığı'nın eğilimi kesinlikle doğru yönde.

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