The Communiqué on Mechanical Sorting, Biodrying,
Biomethanisation and Fermented Products Management
("Communiqué") has entered into effect in Turkey.
The Communiqué was prepared by the Ministry of Environment
and Urban Planning, published in Official Gazette number 29498 on
10 October 2015. The Communiqué outlines principles and
procedures for safely managing, processing and reducing
biodegradable waste, as well as technical requirements and quality
criteria for related waste-processing facilities.
The Communiqué applies to waste originating from parks,
houses and gardens, sales points, food production and related
facilities which can spoil in an aerobic or anaerobic environment.
In particular, the Communiqué addresses:
Biodegradable waste management and
reduction, with a focus on human and environmental health.
Technical requirements of mechanical
sorting, biodrying and biomethanation facilities containing
material and energy recovery facilities.
Quality criteria for fermented
products produced by biomethanation facilities.
The following products are not subject to the Communiqué
Animal cadavers or agricultural
Animal by-products within the scope
of the Regulation on Animal By-Products which are Not Allocated for
Human Consumption (24 December 2011, numbered 28152).
Biomass products used as fuel and
by-products identified as substances and materials within the TS EN
17225-1 standard, which are generated unintentionally by processing
agricultural and forestry products.
The Communiqué outlines duties and responsibilities for
managing biodegradable waste without harming the environment or
human health. These apply to the Ministry of the Environment and
Urban Planning, Provincial Directorates, Local Administrations,
legal and real entities and operators.
The Communiqué includes technical specifications and
standards which waste processing facilities must meet (Article 10
The Communiqué outlines characteristics of products which
result from processing biodegradable wastes (Article 12). The
following characteristics are taken into account when considering
products which result from biodegradable waste processing (Article
Features of cultivated waste.
Waste processing conditions.
Facilities which were established and began operations before 10
October 2015 (the Communiqué's effective date) must
comply with the Communiqué's physical conditions within
one year. However, these facilities must meet the
Communiqué's other provisions immediately (Provisional
Administrative fines apply for failure to comply with the
Communiqué (Article 14), as outlined under Article 12 and 20
of Law numbered 2872 and Article 12 of Law numbered 4703.
Please see this link for the full text of the Communiqué
(only available in Turkish).
Information first published in the
MA | Gazette, a fortnightly legal update newsletter produced by
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