In terms of the power generation, using the natural gas takes
first and the coal takes second place in Turkey. The production of
electricity from renewable resources is approximately %3,7 in the
world and this rate is %3,1 in Turkey. The world supplies %13,7
percentage of the electricity need with the nuclear power and yet
Turkey has no facility to produce electricity with nuclear plants.
Furthermore, the installed capacity of nuclear-generated
electricity production is anticipated to increase by 58 % all
around the world in 2035. For instance; even with today's
state, the share of nuclear energy in electricity generation in
France is 78%.
Hence, after analyzing the usage of energy sources worldwide,
there occur many critical and necessary reasons why the nuclear
plants should be implemented in Turkey:
While looking at the usage of the resources of power generation,
Turkey has been facing about % 72 percentage of the import
dependency of energy resources. %98 of the natural gas, %92 of the
petroleum and %30 of the coal is imported from outside in
For Turkey; as relying heavily on the natural gas and oil
sources of outside, the idea of having nuclear plants has actually
a significant and considerable place. At many countries, such as
Russia, USA, Canada, South Africa and Mexico exists a lot of
nuclear plants, even though they have also rich sources of
petroleum and natural gas.
In response to the high import rate of oil, gas and coal, Turkey
has approximately 136.600 MW of renewable sources' capacity.
However, only 22.075 MW of this potential has now been using. Due
to the capacity factors, this current amount has a very small
proportion as comparing with the rest of Turkey's renewable
potential which is about 114,525 MW.
Besides, as the energy sources are dependent to the outside and
limited, demand for electricity consumption continually increases
in Turkey which is a rise of average %7-8 percentage annually.
In order to provide this increasing amount of demand, additional
4000-5000 MW should be provided. This also should be noted that
Turkey in terms of electricity demand growth ranks first in Europe
and the second in the world after China which has a population of
Also electricity demand of the world between 2035 and 2010 is
projected to increase with an annual average of 2.2%, while the
total 70 %.
Since the renewable sources show continuous variation depending
on climatic conditions, there is a need of base load power plants
that are able to function for 7/24 such as nuclear power plants in
any case. The nuclear energy can't create a rivalry to the
renewable energy; it can be a complementary energy source.
Even Turkey's full potential of renewable energy is going to
be used in the following 10 years, only half the amount of
electricity consumption can be met with these sources.
In addition, nuclear power plants are not beneficial and
profitable only for the power generation, but also for employment,
human resources, technology and so on, as they offer important
contributions in many areas. When the construction of nuclear power
plants is at the most intense times, 10.000 of people work and at
the working period, at least 3500-4000 people are going to work.
Also the plant operator, the relevant public institutions and
universities are developing with the quality of human resources in
terms of the field of the nuclear power studies and technological
knowledge is increasing in many areas with civil nuclear
technology. For example; between the Governments of the Republic of
Turkey and Russian Federation, "The Agreement on Establishment
and Operation of A Nuclear Power Plant (NPP)" in Akkuyu Field
was signed in 2010 in Ankara, gives the Turkish students the
opportunity of receiving graduate and undergraduate education in
Russia and also occupational skill training at the nuclear power
plants in Russia.
About Turkey's nuclear power program by the government in
2023, the commissioning of two NPPs and the construction of the
third are going to be started. For instance; one of the NPPs,
Akkuyu for which the first investment cost is approximately 20
billion dollars, is composed of about 550.000 parts. Also for
the Turkish companies gaining experience by taking part in such a
big project will enable them to become suppliers in the other NPP
projects in the world in the long term.
Looking at the nuclear power plants from the world view; there
are 435 nuclear plants in the 31 countries and it's observed
that the populations of the 10 in those 31countries are less than
Istanbul, the most developed city in Turkey.
In this context, Turkey needs to consider both of domestic
renewable energy resources and the electricity generated from
nuclear power plants which should be an obligation to include in
its portfolio of energy supply for the busy schedules of energy
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Turkey has amended the Electricity Market Law numbered 6446 to promote use and security of domestic energy resources. Under the amendments, planned capacity mechanisms must give priority to local energy sources.
Turkey's energy regulator previously ruled (decision numbered 5709, dated 30 July 2015) that a total capacity of 2,000 MW would be reserved in the period up until 2020 for wind power pre-license applicants to connect to the grid.
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