Transparency International, one of the leading organizations
fighting against the corruption, has released the annual Corruption
Perception Index ("Index 2014") and shared the
outcome of its research with the public.
The Corruption Perception Index 2014 lists out the corruption
results of 175 countries, and represents the findings of 12
different surveys made by 11 different international institutions.
The Index is based on experts' and business people's
opinions on public sector corruption. The scale of the Index is
from 100 to 0, where 100 points is perceived to be very clean and 0
point perceived to be highly corrupt.
And 92 points go to...
According to the results of the Index, among 175 countries
Denmark took the first place in the ranking by having 92 points in
the 2014 Index, meaning that Denmark has the minimum corruption
rate. New Zealand and Finland, by having 91 and 89 points
respectively are the second and the third in the row after Denmark
with the minimum corruption rate. Last countries in the corruption
rate list with 8 points are North Korea and Somalia.
Bad news for Turkey
Turkey's status is not great either, having its score
decreased by 5 points this year. Turkey was the 53rd
country in the last year's Index, but now, it's the
64th country in 2014 Index. With this sharp fall in its
score, Turkey's improvements made during the last 6 years
zeroed down. According to the results of the indexes that have been
released since 1995, it is unfortunate that Turkey could not make a
positive move within the last 20 years.
The Index 2014 stated the reason of such down come of Turkey not
only as the corruption but also the restriction on freedom of
speech, freedom of the press/media, a strict censorship of the
internet in the country. As a result, Transparency International
called Turkey to gain a "transparency culture",
since it is an inseparable part of a democratic and accountable
Good News: Brand new legislation package is in the
Despite the worries about Turkey on corruption, there seems to
be a serious attempt by the government to eliminate the concerns,
especially given the new legislation in the pipeline on the
transparency of the companies and public entities. Turkish
government representatives recently declared in the press meetings
that a new legislation package involving the transparency
requirements is almost ready to be enacted. The legislation package
will be finalized by a cabinet decree, before it is discussed at
the relevant commission of the parliament for compliance purposes.
The legislation package on transparency further includes rules and
regulations on transparency requirements in terms of the zoning
implementations in order to provide for a more competitive working
platform in the zoning implementations area and to secure equal
access opportunities for entering into the construction sector.
According to the statements of the Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey,
the foregoing legislative package is expected to be published by
the end of the year 2014, once the rules of transparency for the
zoning implementations have been finalized.
It is a fact that, the most effective solution to cease the
corruption in a country is to make new legal arrangements which
will work effectively. Turkey is already taking certain measures to
prevent corruption and obviously will take the outcome of this
year's Index seriously.
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On April 5th, 2016, the Department of Justice ("DOJ") announced the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act Enforcement Plan and Guidance ("Guidance") which aims to ensure greater accountability for Foreign Corrupt Practices Act ("FCPA") violations and provide greater transparency for companies with regard to mitigation.
On February 18th, 2016 Turkey finally ratified the Council of Europe Convention on Laundering, Search, Seizure and Confiscation of the Proceeds from Crime and on the Financing of Terrorism Agreement.
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