Turkey as a member of NATO and due to its geographic location
has been allocated the highest funds from the budget to defence
industry for many years. Today the total turnover of defence and
aerospace industry is around USD 4,5 - 5,0 billion. In five years
plan it is targeted that the total turnover will increase up to USD
8,0 billion and export volume will increase up to USD 2,0 billion
in defence and aerospace industry. The 2023 vision of the
government is to be ranked in first ten countries in defence
industry and to manufacture all ground vehicles, marine vessels and
unmanned aerial vehicles domestically.
In consideration of all aforementioned plans and targets, Turkey
has intended to change supply policies and focused on domestic
production policies in providing the military requirements.
After Law No:3238 entered into force and ratified in 1985, the
Turkish defense industry has been introduced to a regulatory body
called "Undersecretariat of Defense Industries"
("SSM") that is responsible for setting and implementing
the defence policies.
In elapsed time the SSM committees and funds has been tasked and
allocated for effective administration, financing and research
& development of defense related products.
As a part of the SSM 2007-2011 Strategic Plan 50% domestic
supply for Turkish Armed Forces was targeted which was achieved as
54% in 2011. In parallel to the accomplishing the objectives the
projects such of ATAK, HÜRKUŞ, MİLGEM have been
introduced by the government.
The 2012-2016 Strategic Plan of SSM relies on four strategic
principles as follows:
i) Sustainability of industry
ii) Maturity in Programme Management
iii) Technologic Competence
iv) Value creating and respected employees
Today, SSM has initiated six major R&D supporting projects
and supports technology based projects and activities generated by
the collaboration of industry-university- research
In projection of the SSM; R&D is discussed as the supply of
the domestic development processes in parallel to support basic
research, applied research and experimental development works. R
& D projects are carried out under the main system projects
(simultaneously) or previously. This is intended to minimize the
external dependence in defence systems in the course of time.
The R&D supports offered in Turkish defence industry are as
i) R&D Supports of SSM
ii) Supports of The Scientific and Technological Research
Council of Turkey
iii) European Union Framework Programmes
iv) Other R&D Supports and Incentives
v) Ministry of Defence Unit of R&D and Technology
The persons whom are intended to be supported for their R&D
projects are recommended to follow up the website of the SSM and
shall comply to the security rules and obligations prescribed in
Law on Control of the Private Industrial Enterprises Producing War
Weapons, Equipment, Vehicles and Ammunitions and Explosives (Law
No: 5201) and Defence Industry Security Law, (Law No:5202) when
they are engaged.
On the other hand, the companies' R&D initiatives are
quietly supported thru the Law on Technology Development Zones (Law
No: 4691) in which the aim of the law has been prescribed as to
develop technological knowledge, ensure innovation in the product
and production methods, improve product quality or standard,
increase efficiency, decrease production cost, commercialize
technological knowledge, support the technology intensive
production and entrepreneurship, ensure compatibility of small and
medium scale enterprises with new and advanced technologies, create
investment opportunities in technology-intensive areas taking into
consideration the decisions by the Scientific and Technological
Research Council, create employment opportunities to the
researchers and qualified people, assist to technology transfer and
the ensure technological infrastructure to speed up the
introduction of foreign capital in the country which will provide
high/advanced technology in the country, in an attempt to
developing the national industry into internationally competitive
and export-oriented structure by ensuring the coordination of the
universities, research institutions and organizations and
The content of this article is intended to provide a general
guide to the subject matter. Specialist advice should be sought
about your specific circumstances.
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